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Keywords:

  • osteoporosis;
  • bone mineral density;
  • Medicare reimbursement

Objectives

To determine bone mineral density (BMD) testing rates and the proportion of women diagnosed after BMD screening vs an osteoporosis-related fracture before and after reductions in Medicare reimbursement for office-based imaging services in 2007, which was projected to save $2.8B over 5 years.

Design

Retrospective observational analysis of administrative medical claims reimbursement data.

Setting

Analysis of data from a medical claims data set.

Participants

A cohort of 405,093 women (average age 74.1 ± 6.7) aged 65 and older with employer-sponsored Medicare supplemental coverage.

Measurements

BMD testing and the incidence of participants whose first diagnosis for osteoporosis occurred with BMD screening vs as a result of osteoporosis-related fracture were identified by calendar year.

Results

Thirty-eight percent of participants received one or more BMD tests during the study period. The proportion of women who received a BMD test was 12.9% in 2005, 11.4% in 2006, 11.8% in 2007, and 11.6% in 2008. Although testing rates varied, results were consistent with testing guidelines and did not decrease at a rate relative to reimbursement reductions, as had been anticipated.

Conclusion

BMD screening rates did not substantially decline in Medicare-eligible women in the 2 years after reimbursement reductions. Meanwhile, the proportion of women diagnosed after a fracture increased, although the nature of this increase is unclear.