Effect of Medicare Reimbursement Reduction for Imaging Services on Osteoporosis Screening Rates
Article first published online: 13 FEB 2012
© 2012, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2012, The American Geriatrics Society
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume 60, Issue 3, pages 511–516, March 2012
How to Cite
McAdam-Marx, C., Unni, S., Ye, X., Nelson, S. and Nickman, N. A. (2012), Effect of Medicare Reimbursement Reduction for Imaging Services on Osteoporosis Screening Rates. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 60: 511–516. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03837.x
- Issue published online: 12 MAR 2012
- Article first published online: 13 FEB 2012
- National Cancer Institute
- bone mineral density;
- Medicare reimbursement
To determine bone mineral density (BMD) testing rates and the proportion of women diagnosed after BMD screening vs an osteoporosis-related fracture before and after reductions in Medicare reimbursement for office-based imaging services in 2007, which was projected to save $2.8B over 5 years.
Retrospective observational analysis of administrative medical claims reimbursement data.
Analysis of data from a medical claims data set.
A cohort of 405,093 women (average age 74.1 ± 6.7) aged 65 and older with employer-sponsored Medicare supplemental coverage.
BMD testing and the incidence of participants whose first diagnosis for osteoporosis occurred with BMD screening vs as a result of osteoporosis-related fracture were identified by calendar year.
Thirty-eight percent of participants received one or more BMD tests during the study period. The proportion of women who received a BMD test was 12.9% in 2005, 11.4% in 2006, 11.8% in 2007, and 11.6% in 2008. Although testing rates varied, results were consistent with testing guidelines and did not decrease at a rate relative to reimbursement reductions, as had been anticipated.
BMD screening rates did not substantially decline in Medicare-eligible women in the 2 years after reimbursement reductions. Meanwhile, the proportion of women diagnosed after a fracture increased, although the nature of this increase is unclear.