SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • prolonged INR;
  • elderly adults;
  • warfarin;
  • bleeding

Objectives

To assess bleeding complications and outcome of individuals receiving oral anticoagulants who were admitted to the hospital with an international normalized ratio (INR) greater than 4 by comparing them according to age (≤80, >80).

Design

Retrospective cohort study.

Setting

Community hospital.

Participants

All individuals (N = 253) admitted to the Department of Internal Medicine over a period of 4 years with an INR greater than 4: Group I, aged 80 and younger (n = 127); Group II, older than 80 (n = 126). Data included bleeding complications, survival, and quality of INR control before admission and up to 48 months after admission.

Results

Atrial fibrillation was the most common indication for warfarin therapy. Its incidence was higher in the older group (88% vs 73%, P = .004). More elderly participants lived in nursing homes (23% vs 9.4%. P = .004) or received in-home assistance (38.9% vs 20.5%, P = .002). There was no difference in INR upon admission, duration of warfarin treatment, or frequency of INR tests before admission. The incidence of bleeding events was 18.1% in Group I and 12.7% in Group II (P = .30). Major bleeding events occurred in 1.6% of Group I and none of Group II (P = .50). During follow-up after the first admission, the incidence of INR greater than 4 was higher in Group II (87.3% vs 70%, P = .02), without a difference in the number of additional admissions or bleeding events.

Conclusion

Primary care physicians can safely maintain warfarin treatment in elderly adults, even in those with a history of hospitalization for high INR, using frequent INR measurements.