Influence of Hospice on Nursing Home Residents with Advanced Dementia Who Received Medicare-Skilled Nursing Facility Care Near the End of Life
Article first published online: 30 OCT 2012
© 2012, Copyright the Authors Journal compilation © 2012, The American Geriatrics Society
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume 60, Issue 11, pages 2035–2041, November 2012
How to Cite
J Am Geriatr Soc 60:2035–2041, 2012.
- Issue published online: 13 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 30 OCT 2012
- Alzheimer's Association. Grant Number: IIRG-08–91343
- National Institute on Aging. Grant Number: IIRG-08–91343
- Alzheimer's Association. Grant Numbers: P01AG027296, IIRG-08–91343, K24AG033640
- advanced dementia;
- nursing homes;
To examine differences in outcomes according to hospice status of skilled nursing facility (SNF) care recipients.
Three thousand three hundred fifty-three U.S. nursing homes (NHs).
Four thousand three hundred forty-four persons with advanced dementia who died in NHs in 2006 and received SNF care within 90 days of death were studied, 1,086 of these also received hospice before death: 705 after SNF care, and 381 concurrent with SNF care.
Treatments, persistent pain and dyspnea, and hospital death.
Decedents with any hospice received fewer medications, injections, feeding tubes, intravenous fluids, and therapy services and more hypnotics than those without hospice (all P < .001). Decedents with hospice after SNF care received fewer antipsychotics and those with hospice concurrent with SNF care received more antipsychotics than those without (all P < .001). Multivariate logistic regressions showed that decedents with hospice after SNF had lower likelihood of persistent dyspnea (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) = 0.63, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.45–0.87) and hospital death (AOR = 0.02, 95% = CI 0.01, 0.07) than those without hospice. Decedents with hospice concurrent with SNF care had a higher likelihood of persistent pain (AOR = 1.65, 95% CI = 1.23, 2.19) and a lower likelihood of hospital death (AOR = 0.13, 95% CI = 0.07, 0.26) than those without hospice.
Residents dying with advanced dementia who received SNF care in the last 90 days of life had fewer aggressive treatments and lower odds of hospital death if they also received hospice care at any point during that time. Associations between hospice and persistent pain or dyspnea differed according to whether hospice care was received concurrent with or after SNF care.