Myocardial Infarction After Hip Fracture Repair: A Population-Based Study

Authors


Address Correspondence to Jeanne M. Huddleston, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905. E-mail: huddleston.jeanne@mayo.edu

Abstract

Objectives

To quantify the occurrence of myocardial infarction (MI) occurring in the early postoperative period after surgical hip fracture repair and estimate the effect on 1-year mortality.

Design

A population-based, historical cohort study of individuals who underwent surgical repair of a hip fracture that used the computerized medical record linkage system of the Rochester Epidemiology Project.

Setting

Academic and community hospitals, outpatient offices, and nursing homes in Olmsted County, Minnesota.

Participants

Over the 15-year study period (1988–2002), 1,116 elderly adults underwent surgical repair of a hip fracture.

Measurements

At the end of the first 7 days after hip fracture repair, participants were classified into one of three groups: clinically verified MI (cv-MI), subclinical myocardial ischemia, and no myocardial ischemia. One-year mortality was compared between these groups. Multivariate models assessed risk factors for early postoperative cv-MI and 1-year mortality.

Results

Within the first 7 days after hip fracture repair, 116 (10.4%) participants experienced cv-MI and 41 (3.7%) subclinical myocardial ischemia. Overall 1-year mortality was 22%, with no difference between those with subclinical myocardial ischemia and those with no myocardial ischemia. One-year mortality for those with cv-MI (35.8%) was significantly higher than for the other two groups. Occurrence of early postoperative cv-MI, male sex, and history of heart failure or dementia were independently associated with greater 1-year mortality, whereas prefracture home residence and preoperative higher hemoglobin were protective.

Conclusion

Rates of early postoperative, cv-MI after hip fracture repair exceed rates after other major orthopedic surgeries and are independently associated with greater 1-year mortality.

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