These authors made equal contributions to this work.
Eye-Tracking as a Measure of Responsiveness to Joint Attention in Infants at Risk for Autism
Article first published online: 9 JUN 2011
Copyright © International Society on Infant Studies (ISIS)
Volume 17, Issue 4, pages 416–431, July/August 2012
How to Cite
Navab, A., Gillespie-Lynch, K., Johnson, S. P., Sigman, M. and Hutman, T. (2012), Eye-Tracking as a Measure of Responsiveness to Joint Attention in Infants at Risk for Autism. Infancy, 17: 416–431. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-7078.2011.00082.x
- Issue published online: 5 JUN 2012
- Article first published online: 9 JUN 2011
Reduced responsiveness to joint attention (RJA), as assessed by the Early Social Communication Scales (ESCS), is predictive of both subsequent language difficulties and autism diagnosis. Eye-tracking measurement of RJA is a promising prognostic tool because it is highly precise and standardized. However, the construct validity of eye-tracking assessments of RJA has not been established. By comparing RJA an eye-tracking paradigm to responsiveness to joint attention during the ESCS, the current study evaluated the construct validity of an eye-tracking assessment of RJA for 18-month-old infant siblings of children with autism. Relations between measures of RJA and concurrent language skills and autistic symptomatology were assessed. Correlations between measures of ESCS RJA and eye-tracking RJA were statistically significant, but few relations between either ESCS or eye-tracking assessments of RJA and language or symptoms were observed. This study establishes the construct validity of eye-tracking assessments of RJA.