This research was supported by a Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Community-University Research Alliance (SSHRC-CURA) Grant. Special thanks to the students who participated in this study.
Ego Development, Ego Strengths, and Ethnic Identity Among First Nation Adolescents
Article first published online: 21 NOV 2011
© 2011 The Authors. Journal of Research on Adolescence © 2011 Society for Research on Adolescence
Journal of Research on Adolescence
Volume 22, Issue 2, pages 225–234, June 2012
How to Cite
Gfellner, B. M. and Armstrong, H. D. (2012), Ego Development, Ego Strengths, and Ethnic Identity Among First Nation Adolescents. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 22: 225–234. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2011.00769.x
- Issue published online: 16 MAY 2012
- Article first published online: 21 NOV 2011
- Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada Community-University Research Alliance (SSHRC-CURA)
Three conceptualizations of psychosocial development were investigated among Canadian First Nation adolescents. Loevinger's social cognitive model of ego development reflects the way in which an individual views the self and social reality. From Eriksonian theory, ego strengths refer to the emergent values or outcomes that represent resolution of the eight psychosocial stages of development, and ethnic identity is a domain of personal identity with special relevance for minorities. As expected, age and biological gender differences were found for ego development. Associations between ego development and ego strengths were supported as were age differences in ethnic identity status. Traditional students (strongly identified with indigenous culture) demonstrated greater ego strengths than bicultural (identified with both their own and mainstream cultures) adolescents.