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Condom Use Trajectories in Adolescence and the Transition to Adulthood: The Role of Mother and Father Support


  • This research was supported by a NIDA grant (R01-DA07484; Principal Investigator: Marc A. Zimmerman) and a NIMH grant (K01 MH089832; Principal Investigator: Katherine S. Elkington).

Requests for reprints should be sent to José A. Bauermeister, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, 1415 Washington Heights, SPH I, Rm 3822, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2029. E-mail:


Few studies have investigated how mother and father support differ on predicting youths’ sexual risk behavior. We therefore examined the influence of parental support on condom use trajectories and its correlates in a predominantly African-American sample (N = 627; 53% female participants; M = 14.86 years [SD = 0.64]) from adolescence to young adulthood. We used hierarchical growth curve modeling to examine the relationship between condom use, substance use, psychological distress, and parental support prospectively. We found that consistent condom use decreased over time and was associated negatively with psychological distress and substance use. Furthermore, both maternal and paternal support were associated with more condom use over time. We discuss the implications of our findings for HIV prevention programs.