Work on this paper was supported by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada and the Canadian Institutes for Health Research.
Factors Underlying Contextual Variations in the Structure of the Self: Differences Related to SES, Gender, Culture, and “Majority/Nonmajority” Status During Early Adolescence
Article first published online: 14 FEB 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Journal of Research on Adolescence © 2013 Society for Research on Adolescence
Journal of Research on Adolescence
Special Issue: Adolescents in the Majority World
Volume 23, Issue 1, pages 69–80, March 2013
How to Cite
Santo, J. B., Bukowski, W. M., Stella-Lopez, L., Carmago, G., Mayman, S. B. and Adams, R. E. (2013), Factors Underlying Contextual Variations in the Structure of the Self: Differences Related to SES, Gender, Culture, and “Majority/Nonmajority” Status During Early Adolescence. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 23: 69–80. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2012.00793.x
- Issue published online: 14 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 14 FEB 2013
Multilevel modeling was used to examine contextual variations in the structure of the “self” in a sample of 918 lower- and upper-middle class early adolescents (M age = 10.37 years, SD = 1.19) from a “majority” cultural context (i.e., Barranquilla in the Caribbean region of Colombia) and a “nonmajority” context (i.e., Montréal, Québec, Canada). It was expected that the associations between measures of the self-concept (i.e., indices of self-perceived competence) and a measure of general self-worth would differ in majority and nonmajority contexts and would vary as a function of socioeconomic status, the relative emphasis placed on individualism and collectivism and gender. Findings indicate that contextual factors moderated the extent to which self-worth is associated with components of early adolescents' self-concept.