Factors Associated With Growth in Daily Smoking Among Indigenous Adolescents



This article is corrected by:

  1. Errata: Erratum Volume 23, Issue 1, 195, Article first published online: 14 February 2013

  • This research was funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (DA13580) and the National Institute of Mental Health (MH67281), Les B. Whitbeck, Principal Investigator.
  • [Correction added on 11/29/2012, after first online publication 8/29/2012: The first author’s last name has been corrected from “Whitlock” to “Whitbeck.” Wiley sincerely apologizes for this error.]

Requests for reprints should be sent to Kelley J. Sittner Hartshorn, Department of Sociology, Oklahoma State University, 431 Murray, Stillwater, OK 74078.


North American Indigenous adolescents smoke earlier, smoke more, and are more likely to become regular smokers as adults than youth from any other ethnic group, yet we know very little about their early smoking trajectories. We use multilevel growth modeling across five waves of data from Indigenous adolescents (aged 10–13 years at Wave 1) to investigate factors associated with becoming a daily smoker. Several factors, including number of peers who smoked at Wave 1 and meeting diagnostic criteria for major depressive episode and conduct disorder, were associated with early daily smoking. Only age and increases in the number of smoking peers were associated with increased odds of becoming a daily smoker.