Eight adult cats, 4 male and 4 female, (3.5 ± 0.9 [SD] kg) were used to determine the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of desflurane. Desflurane (DES) anesthesia was induced in a 20 L chamber with an oxygen inflow of 10 L/min and the DES vaporizer set at 18%. After 3.5 ± 0.5 min, the cats were removed from the chamber and anesthesia was maintained via mask (14% DES, 3L/min O2) until successful intubation. Anesthesia was maintained with DES in oxygen at a flow of at least 200 mL/kg/min through a nonrebreathing circuit. The time from the start of induction to completion of intubation was 6.2 ± 1.1 min. Esophageal temperature was maintained between 37.8°C and 38.6°C. Hand-collected end-tidal gas samples were obtained from a catheter positioned inside the lumen of the endotracheal tube. Inspired and end-tidal DES concentrations were measured with a Biochem 8100 anesthetic agent monitor that was calibrated with known gas standards and modified to accept hand-collected samples. A constant alveolar concentration of DES was maintained for at least 15 minutes, then a clamp was applied to the tail and the cat observed for gross purposeful movement. The end-tidal DES was then increased (if a positive response) or decreased (if a negative response) by 20% and the test repeated after 15 minutes of constant conditions. The final iteration was 10%. The MAC of DES in these cats was 9.79 ± 0.70 vol %. The FA/FI ratio for desflurane was always greater than 0.97.