A Biomechanical Evaluation and Assessment of the Accuracy of Reduction of Two Methods of Acetabular Osteotomy Fixation in Dogs
Version of Record online: 28 JUN 2008
Volume 27, Issue 5, pages 429–437, September 1998
How to Cite
STUBBS, W. P., LEWIS, D. D., MILLER, G. J., QUARTERMAN, C. and HOSGOOD, G. (1998), A Biomechanical Evaluation and Assessment of the Accuracy of Reduction of Two Methods of Acetabular Osteotomy Fixation in Dogs. Veterinary Surgery, 27: 429–437. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-950X.1998.tb00152.x
- Issue online: 28 JUN 2008
- Version of Record online: 28 JUN 2008
Objective—To compare the accuracy of reduction, biomechanical characteristics, and mode of failure of two methods of acetabular osteotomy repair.
Study Design—Acetabular osteotomies were created in 16 paired hemipelves and stabilized with a screw/wire/polymethylmethacrylate composite fixation technique (SWP) or a 2-mm veterinary acetabular plate (VAP). Eight intact hemipelves were used as controls.
Sample Population—Twelve canine cadavers.
Methods—Accuracy of osteotomy reduction was evaluated grossly and by measurement of articular incongruencies formed in polyvinylsiloxane impression casts. Acetabula were loaded in modified bending until failure using a universal testing machine. Data from load-deformation curves were used to determine the biomechanical characteristics of the repaired and intact acetabula. Mode of failure was evaluated grossly and radiographically.
Results—Osteotomy reduction was superior in acetabula stabilized with SWP. Mean values ± standard deviation for load at failure and stiffness of the intact acetabula were 2,796 ± 152.9 N and 267.5 ±61.9 N/mm. Corresponding values for SWP and VAP were 1,192 ± 202.7 N and 136.3 ± 76.5 N/mm, and 1,100.5 ± 331.6 N and 110.0 ± 51.3 N/mm, respectively. The mean load at failure and stiffness of intact acetabula was significantly greater than acetabula stabilized with SWP or VAP. There was no significant difference between SWP and VAP for load at failure or stiffness. Failure of acetabula stabilized with SWP occurred by fracture of the polymethylmethacrylate and ventrolateral bending of the wires. Acetabula stabilized with VAP failed by ventrolateral twisting of the plate and bending of the caudal screws.
Conclusions—SWP and VAP provide comparable rigidity, however, the SWP facilitates more accurate osteotomy reduction.
Clinical Relevance—These findings support the use of the SWP technique as an alternative method of acetabular fracture repair.