• anorectal malformation;
  • atresia ani;
  • rectovestibular fistula;
  • reconstructive surgery;
  • dog

Objective— To report a technique for correction of atresia ani and rectovestibular fistula with fistula preservation, and outcome in 2 dogs.

Study Design— Case report.

Animals— Two intact female puppies.

Methods— The fistula was approached by episiotomy. A vertical median perineal incision was made starting dorsal to the anal region and extended to surround the fistula. The rectum and vagina were separated, and the end of the fistula was sutured to the skin.

Results— Early postoperative complications included constipation, fecal incontinence, and perineal soiling, but long-term outcome was good in both dogs.

Conclusion— With careful dissection, the fistula and internal anal sphincter can be preserved and used in the surgical reconstruction of the anal canal and anus.

Clinical Relevance— Preservation of the fistula may provide an internal sphincter that contributes to a better functional result during correction of atresia ani. A surgical approach that combines episiotomy and perineal incision for separation of the vagina and rectum, and preserves the fistula may decrease the risk of dehiscence.