Short-Term Aseptic Loosening of the Femoral Component in Canine Total Hip Replacement: Effects of Cementing Technique on Cement Mantle Grade

Authors

  • Juri Ota DVM,

    1. From the Comparative Orthopaedic Laboratory, the Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, and the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
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  • James L. Cook DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVS,

    1. From the Comparative Orthopaedic Laboratory, the Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, and the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
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  • Daniel D. Lewis DVM, Diplomate ACVS,

    1. From the Comparative Orthopaedic Laboratory, the Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, and the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
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  • James L. Tomlinson DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVS,

    1. From the Comparative Orthopaedic Laboratory, the Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, and the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
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  • Derek B. Fox DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVS,

    1. From the Comparative Orthopaedic Laboratory, the Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, and the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
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  • Cristi R. Cook DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVR,

    1. From the Comparative Orthopaedic Laboratory, the Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, and the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
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  • Loren G. Schultz DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVPM,

    1. From the Comparative Orthopaedic Laboratory, the Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, and the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
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  • Jason Brumitt DVM

    1. From the Comparative Orthopaedic Laboratory, the Department of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO, and the Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL.
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Address reprint requests to James L. Cook, DVM, PhD, Comparative Orthopaedic Laboratory, 379 E. Campus Dr, Columbia, MO 65211. E-mail: cookjl@missouri.edu.

Abstract

Objectives— To evaluate the effects of different cementing techniques on radiographic cement mantle grade and short-term aseptic loosening of the femoral component in canine total hip replacement (THR).

Study Design— Retrospective study.

Sample Population— Radiographs of 284 dogs that had THR.

Methods— Immediate postoperative radiographs of 284 dogs that had cemented THR were reviewed by 4 surgeons and 1 radiologist and assigned a cement mantle grade using a 4-grade classification system. Dog age and weight at surgery, cementing technique (1st, 2nd, 3rd generation), complications (type and timing), and follow-up time were retrieved and analyzed.

Results— Mean cement mantle score for 2nd generation technique was significantly higher than 3rd generation technique and both were significantly higher than 1st generation technique (P<.001). Aseptic loosening was the 2nd most common complication observed with an incidence of 2.1%. Mean time from surgery to last follow-up examination was 122 days. No statistically significant difference in incidence of aseptic loosening was identified among different cement mantle grades or cementing techniques.

Conclusions— Advanced cementing techniques resulted in better cement mantles based on grading of immediate postoperative radiographs, however grading did not predict short-term aseptic loosening. Cementing technique seemingly did not affect the incidence of short-term aseptic loosening of the femoral component for dogs in this study.

Clinical Relevance— Our study suggests that advances in cementing technique may result in improvements in the radiographic grade of cement mantles. With respect to aseptic loosening of the femoral component, our data only suggest that short-term (3 months–3 years) loosening cannot be predicted by immediate postoperative radiographic evaluation of cement mantle.

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