Cell Growth Characteristics and Differentiation Frequency of Adherent Equine Bone Marrow–Derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells: Adipogenic and Osteogenic Capacity

Authors

  • MARTIN A. VIDAL BVSc, MS,

    1. Equine Health Studies Program, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine and the Stem Cell Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA
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  • GAIL E. KILROY BS,

    1. Equine Health Studies Program, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine and the Stem Cell Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA
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  • JILL R. JOHNSON DVM, MS, Diplomate ACVIM & ABVP,

    1. Equine Health Studies Program, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine and the Stem Cell Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA
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  • MANDI J. LOPEZ DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVS,

    1. Equine Health Studies Program, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine and the Stem Cell Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA
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  • RUSTIN M. MOORE DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVS,

    1. Equine Health Studies Program, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine and the Stem Cell Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA
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  • JEFFREY M. GIMBLE MD, PhD

    1. Equine Health Studies Program, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine and the Stem Cell Laboratory, Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA
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  • Funded and supported in part by the American College of Veterinary Surgeons Surgeon-in-Training-Grant, Grayson-Jockey Club Research Foundation, Inc., the Equine Health Studies Program, and the Pennington Biomedical Research Foundation.

  • Presented in part at the 2005 ACVS Symposium, San Diego, CA, October 2005.

Address reprint request to Dr. Martin Vidal, BVSc, MS, School of Veterinary Medicine, Louisiana State University—Veterinary Clinical Science, Skip Bertman Drive, Baton Rouge, LA 70803. E-mail: mvidal@vetmed.lsu.edu.

Abstract

Objectives— To characterize equine bone marrow (BM)-derived mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) growth characteristics and frequency as well as their adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation potential.

Study Design— In vitro experimental study.

Animals— Foals (n=3, age range, 17–51 days) and young horses (n=5, age range, 9 months to 5 years).

Methods— Equine MSCs were harvested and isolated from sternal BM aspirates and grown up to passage 10 to determine cell-doubling (CD) characteristics. Limit dilution assays were performed on primary and passaged MSCs to determine the frequency of colony-forming units with a fibroblastic phenotype (CFU-F), and the frequency of MSC differentiation into adipocytes (CFU-Ad) and osteoblasts (CFU-Ob).

Results— Initial MSC isolates had a lag phase with a significantly longer CD time (DT=4.9±1.6 days) compared with the average DT (1.4±0.22 days) of subsequent MSC passages. Approximately 1 in 4224±3265 of the total nucleated BM cells displayed fibroblast colony-forming activity. Primary MSCs differentiated in response to adipogenic and osteogenic inductive conditions and maintained their differentiation potential during subsequent passages.

Conclusions— The frequency, in vitro growth rate, and adipogenic and osteogenic differentiation potential of foals and young adult horses are similar to those documented for BM MSCs of other mammalian species.

Clinical Relevance— The results have direct relevance to the use of BM as a potential source of adult stem cells for tissue engineering applications in equine veterinary medicine.

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