Presented in part at American College of Veterinary Surgeons Annual Symposium, Washington DC, USA, 2006.
Radiographic and Arthroscopic Findings in the Elbow Joints of 263 Dogs with Medial Coronoid Disease
Article first published online: 11 FEB 2009
© Copyright 2009 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons
Special Issue: Advances in Canine Elbow Disease
Volume 38, Issue 2, pages 213–223, February 2009
How to Cite
FITZPATRICK, N., SMITH, T. J., EVANS, R. B. and YEADON, R. (2009), Radiographic and Arthroscopic Findings in the Elbow Joints of 263 Dogs with Medial Coronoid Disease. Veterinary Surgery, 38: 213–223. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-950X.2008.00489.x
- Issue published online: 11 FEB 2009
- Article first published online: 11 FEB 2009
- Submitted April 2008; Accepted October 2008
Objective— To report clinical, radiographic, and arthroscopic findings in dogs with thoracic limb lameness attributed solely to disease of the medial aspect of the coronoid process (MCP).
Study Design— Case series.
Animals— Dogs (n=263) with MCP disease (MCD; 437 elbows).
Methods— Clinical records (January 2000–July 2006) and radiographs were reviewed and pertinent data recorded. Radiographic interpretation included measures of periarticular osteophytosis, gross assessment of MCP integrity, and measurement of ulnar subtrochlear sclerosis (STS). Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate associations between data; confidence interval was set at 95%.
Results— Labrador Retrievers were 50.2% of all dogs with MCD. Mean age at diagnosis was 32 months and duration of lameness was 14.5 weeks. Thirteen elbows (3%) were considered radiographically normal. Osteophytosis was identified on the anconeal process (70.2%), radial head (37.3%), and lateral epicondyle (56.5%), and STS was identified in 86.7% of elbows. Median osteophytosis score was 1; mean absolute osteophytosis score was 1.7. Arthroscopic findings included: fissuring (18.3%) and fragmentation (64.1%) of the MCP and kissing lesions (49.0%) of elbows. Median-modified Outerbridge score of the MCP was 2 and the humeral condyle, 0. Weak or moderate correlations were found between osteophytosis and modified Outerbridge scores and weak correlation between modified Outerbridge scores of the MCP and medial humeral condyle.
Conclusions— Wide ranges in clinical, radiographic, and arthroscopic findings are recognized in dogs with MCD but correlations between such factors are generally weak. Radiographic and arthroscopic findings do not correlate with owner-reported duration of lameness.
Clinical Relevance— Radiographic measures of osteophytosis are poor predictors of severity of arthroscopic pathology for MCD.