Presented in part as a poster at the 35th Veterinary Orthopedic Society Conference, Big Sky, MT, March 8–15, 2008.
Distal Interphalangeal Joint Arthrodesis in Seven Cattle Using the Acutrak Plus Screw
Article first published online: 30 JUN 2009
© Copyright 2009 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons
Volume 38, Issue 5, pages 659–663, July 2009
How to Cite
LEWIS, A. J., SOD, G. A., GILL, M. S. and MITCHELL, C. F. (2009), Distal Interphalangeal Joint Arthrodesis in Seven Cattle Using the Acutrak Plus Screw. Veterinary Surgery, 38: 659–663. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-950X.2009.00526.x
- Issue published online: 30 JUN 2009
- Article first published online: 30 JUN 2009
- Submitted August 2008; Accepted December 2008
Objectives— To report a technique for arthrodesis of the distal interphalangeal joint (DIPJ) with two 6.5 mm Acutrak Plus (AP) compression screws from a solar approach and outcome in 7 cattle.
Study Design— Case series.
Animals— Cattle (n=7) with DIPJ arthritis.
Methods— Retrieved data from medical records of cattle that had undergone DIPJ arthrodesis using 2 AP screws via a solar approach were signalment, history, clinical signs, preoperative blood work, preoperative radiographs, complications, postoperative radiographs, and postoperative lameness evaluation. Outcomes, assessed by owner interview 6–26 months after surgery, were classified as excellent, good, or poor.
Results— Fusion of the DIPJ was evident by 6 months. All cattle returned to full function with minimal lameness and normal appearance to the distal aspect of the limb. Four thoracic limbs and 3 pelvic limbs were affected; 3 medial and 4 lateral claws. Complications included moderate lameness associated with implants (n=2) that resolved after screw removal.
Clinical Relevance— Use of the AP screw system in cattle is an excellent option for DIPJ arthrodesis with minimal postoperative morbidity and excellent return to function.