Synovial Hemangioma in a Dog

Authors

  • J. IGNACIO ARIAS DVM,

    1. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Instituto de Ciencias Clínicas, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile and the Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Pecuarias, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
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  • CRISTIAN TORRES DVM,

    1. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Instituto de Ciencias Clínicas, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile and the Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Pecuarias, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
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  • DANIEL SAEZ DVM

    1. Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, Instituto de Ciencias Clínicas, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, Chile and the Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Pecuarias, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile
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Address reprint requests to Dr. J. Ignacio Arias, DVM, Av. Los Quillayes 07780, Casa 60, Hacienda el Penon, Pte. Alto, Santiago, Chile. E-mail: joarias@uchile.cl.

Abstract

Objective— To report arthroscopic diagnosis and treatment of synovial hemangioma in a dog.

Study Design— Case report.

Animal— Standard Poodle (8-year-old neutered male).

Methods— A soft tissue density mass observed radiographically in the left stifle joint of a dog with a 2-month history of recurrent lameness, hemarthrosis, and a slight cranial drawer sign, was located by diagnostic arthroscopy and surgically excised via arthrotomy.

Results— Histologic evaluation revealed tissue composed of variably sized cavernous vascular spaces filled with erythrocytes that were considered compatible with synovial hemangioma.

Conclusions— In this dog, synovial hemangioma evident as a soft tissue mass on radiographs was associated with chronic lameness and hemarthrosis, and resolved with surgical excision.

Clinical Relevance— Synovial hemangioma, although seemingly rare in dogs, should be considered in the differential diagnosis for nontraumatic, recurrent lameness, and unresponsive to anti-inflammatory therapy when there is a circumscribed intracapsular soft tissue mass evident radiographically together with hemarthrosis.

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