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Radial Artery Pseudoaneurysm in a Maine Coon Cat

Authors


Corresponding Author

Karla C. L. Lee, MA, VetMB, PhD, Diplomate ECVS, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hertfordshire AL9 7TA, UK

E-mail: klee@rvc.ac.uk

Abstract

Objective

To report the diagnosis and treatment of a radial artery pseudoaneurysm in a cat.

Study Design

Clinical report.

Animal

Maine Coon cat (8-year-old neutered male).

Methods

Ultrasonographic and angiographic examination of a fluctuant, nonpainful, 3 cm × 1.5 cm subcutaneous swelling on the craniomedial distal aspect of the right radius that occurred 40 days after suspected cat bite trauma was consistent with a radial artery pseudoaneurysm. After ligation of the radial artery proximal to the lesion, the pseudoaneurysm was surgically excised.

Results

The excised tissue had hemorrhage and fibrin surrounded by a thick fibrous granulating capsule of variably mature fibroblasts and focal areas of inflammatory cells (lymphocytes, plasma cells, and macrophages) consistent with a pseudoaneurysm. Surgical excision resulted in resolution of clinical signs.

Conclusions

Ultrasonography enabled prompt, noninvasive diagnosis of pseudoaneurysm. Angiography or computed tomography may be useful to aid diagnosis and assess the collateral blood supply to the manus before surgical treatment.

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