Get access

Mandibular Fracture in Single-humped Camels

Authors

  • Ahmed F. Ahmed PhD

    Corresponding author
    • Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Qassim University, Buraydah, Qassim, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    Search for more papers by this author

  • Study was funded by the Scientific Research Deanship, Qassim University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Project Number SR-D-008-046.

Corresponding Author

Ahmed F. Ahmed, PhD, Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University, Buraydah 51452, PO Box 6622, Al-Qassim, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

E-mail: afahmed70@hotmail.com

Abstract

Objective

To report the causes and classification of mandibular fractures in dromedary camels and outcome after treatment.

Animals

Single-humped camels (n = 116) with mandibular fracture.

Methods

At admission, cause, site, classification, and radiography of mandibular fractures were recorded. Factors affecting fracture healing were analyzed.

Results

Biting was the main cause of mandibular fractures in camels, which occurred more commonly in older males (P = .001) than in females. Open fractures were more common than closed ones (92.2% versus 7.8%, P = .0001) and single fractures were more frequent (82%) than multiple and comminuted fractures (18%; P = .001). Fractures were treated by interdental wiring (91.2%) or U-shaped aluminum bar (8.8%) and healing occurred in most (83.2%) fractures.

Conclusions

In dromedary camels, mandibular fracture is most commonly caused by bites and can be successfully repaired by interdental wiring or a U-bar technique with good outcome.

Ancillary