Original Article - Clinical
Micro Total Hip Replacement in Dogs and Cats
Article first published online: 20 DEC 2011
© Copyright 2011 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons
Volume 41, Issue 1, pages 121–129, January 2012
How to Cite
Marino, D. J., Ireifej, S. J. and Loughin, C. A. (2012), Micro Total Hip Replacement in Dogs and Cats. Veterinary Surgery, 41: 121–129. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-950X.2011.00933.x
- Issue published online: 23 JAN 2012
- Article first published online: 20 DEC 2011
- Manuscript Accepted: OCT 2011
- Manuscript Received: JUN 2010
To describe the surgical technique using power-assisted femoral preparation and clinical outcome in 41 dogs and 2 cats surgically treated with the micro total hip prosthesis.
Retrospective case series
Dogs (n = 41) and 2 cats
Medical records (January 2007–March 2010) of dogs and cats that had MicroTHR were reviewed. Data regarding implant position, cement mantle quality, concurrent surgery, intra- and postoperative complications, operative time, 3-week and 3-month recheck physical examinations, 3-month pelvic radiograph findings, and interval from surgery to any complication were retrieved.
Six dogs had staged bilateral MicroTHR, 35 dogs and 2 cats had unilateral MicroTHR. Median body weight was 8.2 kg (range, 2.1–14.2 kg) whereas for those that had complications (fracture or luxation) it was 8.6 kg (range, 6.6–14.1 kg). Median operative time was 71 minutes (range, 55–105 minutes). Complications included luxations (5 of 49; 10%) and femoral fracture (1; 2%). Lameness grades assigned at the 3-month recheck examination: 39 (80%) animals were grade 1, 6 (12%) were grade 2, and 4 (8%) were grade 3. Forty-five animals (92%) had good or excellent results.
MicroTHR is a practical and effective surgery in small breed dogs and cats with coxofemoral disease.