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Radiographic Hip Joint Phenotype of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi

Authors

  • Georga T. Karbe Med Vet,

  • Darryl N. Biery DVM, Diplomate ACVR,

  • Thomas P. Gregor BS,

  • Urs Giger Dr med vet, Diplomate ACVIM, ECVIM & ECVCP,

  • Gail K. Smith VMD, PhD

    Corresponding author
    1. Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
    • Corresponding Author

      Gail Smith, VMD, PhD, Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3900 Delancey St, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6010

      E-mail: smithgk@vet.upenn.edu

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Abstract

Objective

To investigate the radiographic hip joint phenotype of the Pembroke Welsh Corgi.

Study Design

Prospective and retrospective cross-sectional study.

Animals

Pembroke Welsh Corgis (n = 399).

Methods

Ventrodorsal, hip-extended radiographs were evaluated for subluxation, osteoarthritis (OA), caudolateral curvilinear osteophytes (CCO), and circumferential femoral head osteophytes (CFHO) of PennHIP evaluated Corgis. Joint laxity was measured by distraction index (DI).

Results

All Corgis had DI > 0.30 (mean, 0.66), 6.8% had OA, 18% had subluxation, 22.3% had CCO, and 74.4% had CFHO. Higher DI increased the odds for subluxation and canine hip dysplasia (CHD) but not for OA, CCO, or CFHO. The presence of CCO increased the odds for OA by 4.6 times (P = .002) and 2.2 times (P = .01) for hip dysplasia. All dogs with OA had CFHO. The presence of CFHO increased the odds for subluxation by 8.7 times (p < .001) and 8.9 times (P < .001) for hip dysplasia. Subluxation increased the odds for OA by 15.4 times (P < .001).

Conclusion

Corgis had a low frequency of conventional OA despite having hip laxity that has been shown to correlate with hip OA and hip dysplasia in large-breed dogs. The relationship between CCO and OA was similar to published findings in nonchondrodystrophic large-breed dogs and the CFHO was significantly associated with subluxation. Both CCO and CFHO are associated with hip dysplasia in this small chondrodystrophic breed.

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