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Inverse Dynamics Analysis Evaluation of Tibial Tuberosity Advancement for Cranial Cruciate Ligament Failure in Dogs

Authors


  • Work performed at School of Clinical Veterinary Science, University of Bristol, Langford, UK.

  • Presented in part at the World Veterinary Orthopaedics Congress, Bologna, Italy, October 17, 2010.

Corresponding Author

Mark A. Bush, Southern Counties Veterinary Specialists, Unit 6 Forest Corner Farm, Hangersley, Ringwood, BH24 3JW, UK

E-mail: mark.bush@scvetspecialists.co.uk

Abstract

Objective

To evaluate, using inverse dynamic analysis, the biomechanical outcome from tibial tuberosity advancement (TTA) surgery in dogs affected by unilateral cranial cruciate ligament failure (CCLF).

Study Design

Retrospective case series.

Animals

Dogs (n = 13) 11–20 months after surgery.

Methods

Kinematic and force data were collected from 13 dogs 11–20 months after TTA and inverse dynamics analysis of the dogs’ pelvic limb mechanical function performed. Angle, moment, and power were calculated for each joint. Total support moment (TSM) was calculated.

Results

Six dogs were affected on the right side (Raff) and 7 on the left (Laff). Peak stifle flexor moment was significantly larger for the right stifle compared with the left in Laff dogs, but similar in Raff dogs. Peak stifle extensor moment was significantly larger for the left stifle compared with the right in Raff dogs, and was also larger for the left stifle compared with the right in Laff dogs. Stifle power in early stance was larger on the left in Raff dogs and significantly larger on the right in Laff dogs. TSM was larger on the right in Raff dogs and significantly larger on the right in Laff dogs.

Conclusions

Affected limbs had a reduction in power of the stifle flexors. Irrespective of the side of CCLF, TSM was larger on the right side and the stifle extensor moment in late stance was larger on the left, perhaps indicating a mechanical limb dominance effect.

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