Comparison of Body Weight Distribution, Peak Vertical Force, and Vertical Impulse as Measures of Hip Joint Pain and Efficacy of Total Hip Replacement

Authors

  • Rachel Seibert DVM,

    1. Comparative Pain Research Laboratory, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC
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  • Denis J. Marcellin-Little DEDV, Diplomate ACVS, ECVS & ACVSMR,

    1. Orthopedic Research Laboratory, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC
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  • Simon C. Roe BVSc, PhD, Diplomate ACVS,

    1. Orthopedic Research Laboratory, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC
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  • Venita DePuy MStat,

    1. INC Research, Raleigh, NC
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  • B. Duncan X. Lascelles BSc, BVSc, PhD, DSAS(ST), Diplomate ACVS & ECVS

    Corresponding author
    1. Center for Comparative Medicine and Translational Research, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC
    • Comparative Pain Research Laboratory, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC
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Corresponding Author

B. Duncan X. Lascelles, Surgery Section, Department of Clinical Sciences, North Carolina State University, 1052 William Moore Drive, Raleigh, NC 27607

E-mail: Duncan_Lascelles@ncsu.edu

Abstract

Objective

To determine whether there is a difference between the ability of peak vertical force (PVF), vertical impulse (VI), and percentage body weight distribution (%BWdist) in differentiating which leg is most affected by hip joint pain before total hip replacement (THR) surgery, and for measuring changes in limb use after THR surgery.

Study Design

Prospective clinical study.

Animals

Dogs (n = 47).

Methods

Ground reaction force (GRF) data were collected using a pressure-sensitive walkway the day before THR surgery and at ∼3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. PVF and VI expressed as a percentage of body weight (%PVF, %VI), and %BWdist were recorded. Regression models performed separately for each outcome were used for statistical analysis.

Results

When comparing limb use between the affected limb (AP) and the nonaffected limb (NP) preoperatively, differences between limbs were statistically significant when evaluated using PVF (P = .023), VI (P = .010), and %BWdist (P = .012). When evaluating the magnitude of absolute and percentage change difference in AP limb use preoperatively versus postoperatively, differences were statistically significant when evaluated using PVF (P < .001 and P = .001, respectively), VI (P = .001 and P < .001) and %BWdist (P < .001 and P < .001).

Conclusion

There appeared to be no difference in the sensitivity of VI, PVF, and %BWdist for evaluating limb use before and after THR.

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