Skin Temperature during Cutaneous Wound Healing in an Equine Model of Cutaneous Fibroproliferative Disorder: Kinetics and Anatomic-Site Differences

Authors

  • Christophe J. Celeste DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVS & ECVS,

    Corresponding author
    • Comparative Tissue Healing Laboratory, Département de Biomédecine, Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, Saint-Hyacinthe, Canada
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  • Karine Deschesne PhD,

    1. Comparative Tissue Healing Laboratory, Département de Biomédecine, Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, Saint-Hyacinthe, Canada
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  • Christopher B. Riley BVSc, PhD, Diplomate ACVS,

    1. School of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, University of Adelaide, Roseworthy Campus, Roseworthy, Australia
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  • Christine L. Theoret DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVS

    1. Comparative Tissue Healing Laboratory, Département de Biomédecine, Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, Université de Montréal, Saint-Hyacinthe, Canada
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  • Funded in part by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada, the American College of Veterinary Surgeons (ACVS) Foundation, and the Fondation Canadienne pour l'Innovation (FCI).

Corresponding Author

Christophe Celeste, DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVS & ECVS, Département de Biomédecine, Faculté de Médecine Vétérinaire, 3200 Rue Sicotte, Saint-Hyacinthe, QC, Canada J2S 2M2

E-mail: christophe.celeste@umontreal.ca

Abstract

Objective

To map skin temperature kinetics, and by extension skin blood flow throughout normal or abnormal repair of full-thickness cutaneous wounds created on the horse body and limb, using infrared thermography.

Study Design

Experimental.

Animals

Standardbreds (n = 6), aged 3–4 years.

Methods

Three cutaneous wounds were created on the dorsolateral surface of each metacarpus and on the lateral thoracic wall. Thoracic skin wounds and those on 1 randomly chosen forelimb healed by second intention without a bandage, whereas contralateral limb wounds were bandaged to induce formation of exuberant granulation tissue (EGT). Thermal data were collected from all planned wound sites before the surgical procedure (baseline), and at 24, 48, 96 hours, 1, 2, and 4 weeks after wounding. Data were analyzed using repeated measures ANOVA and a priori contrasts submitted to Bonferroni sequential correction. Level of significance was P < .05.

Results

Cutaneous wound temperature (CWT) increased temporally from preoperative period to week 1 postwounding, independently of anatomic location (P < .0001). CWT of limb wounds was significantly less than that of body wounds throughout healing (P < .01). CWT of limb wounds managed with bandages and developing EGT was significantly less than that of unbandaged limb wounds, which did not develop EGT (P ≤ .01).

Conclusions

CWT varied with anatomic location and throughout healing. CWT of wounds developing EGT was significantly less than that of wounds without EGT.

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