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Effect of Sequential Removal of Parts of the Second Metacarpal Bone on the Biomechanical Stability of the Equine Carpus

Authors

  • Kathryn A. Seabaugh DVM, MS,

    Corresponding author
    • Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO
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  • Jeremy D. Hubert BVSc, MRCVS, MS, Diplomate ACVS,

    1. Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO
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  • Christopher E. Kawcak DVM, PhD, Diplomate ACVS,

    1. Equine Orthopaedic Research Center, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO
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  • Kirk C. McGilvray PhD,

    1. Orthopaedic Bioengineering Research Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO
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  • Brandon G. Santoni PhD,

    1. Phillip Spiegel Orthopaedic Research Laboratory, Foundation for Orthopaedic Research and Education, Tampa, FL
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  • Sangeeta Rao BVSc, MVSc, PhD,

    1. Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO
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  • Gary M. Baxter VMD, MS, Diplomate ACVS

    1. Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO
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  • Presented in part at the resident forum of the American College of Veterinary Surgeons Annual Symposium, Seattle, WA, October 2010 and the Veterinary Orthopedic Society Symposium, Snowmass, CO, March 2011.

Corresponding Author

Katie A. Seabaugh, DVM, MS, Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Colorado State University, 300 W Drake, Fort Collins, CO 80523

E-mail: Katie.Seabaugh@colostate.edu

Abstract

Objective

To quantify changes in biomechanical stability and stiffness within the equine carpus after removal of 50%, 80%, and 100% of the second metacarpal bone (MC2).

Study Design

In vitro biomechanical study.

Methods

Cadaveric equine forelimbs (n = 16) were evaluated. Intact constructs were loaded in axial compression from 0 to 5000 N and compression + torsion (5000 N ± 20°) for 5 cycles. This was repeated after removal of 50%, 80%, and 100% of MC2. The primary biomechanical outcome variables were the compressive stiffness and compressive + torsional stiffness of the carpus. Relative kinematic motion was also evaluated between the second carpal bone (C2) and the radial carpal bone (RC), C2 and the third metacarpal bone (MC3) and C2 and the third carpal bone (C3).

Results

A significant decrease in compressive + torsional stiffness was found after 100% removal of MC2. Compressive stiffness of the carpus did not change after 100% MC2 removal. A significant increase in relative rotation around the z-axis (rotation around the long axis) was observed for C2 versus MC3 and C2 versus C3 when 100% of MC2 was removed as compared to 80%, 50%, and 0% removal. No significant difference in relative rotation between C2 and RC was detected.

Conclusions

The biomechanical results reported here suggest that the torsional stability of the equine carpus is significantly decreased only after complete resection of MC2.

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