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Objective

To compare biomechanical properties of (1) 4.5 mm cortical screws and Fitz Fenestrated Tubular Transcondylar (F2T2) screws; (2) normal humeri and humeri with an intracondylar osteotomy; and (3) humeri with an intracondylar osteotomy stabilized with either a 4.5 mm cortical screw or a F2T2 screw.

Study Design

Cadaveric biomechanical assessment.

Sample Population

4.5 mm cortical screws (n = 10), 5.85 mm F2T2 screws (n = 10), and paired dog humeri (n = 40).

Methods

Cortical and F2T2 screws were loaded to failure in 3-point bending. Ten pairs of humeri with or without an intracondylar osteotomy were axially loaded to failure. Ten additional pairs of humeri with an intracondylar osteotomy were alternately stabilized with a positional cortical or F2T2 screw and axially loaded to failure.

Results

Mean stiffness, yield load, and failure load was significantly greater (P < .001) for the F2T2 screws compared with cortical screws as well as for intact humeri compared with humeri with an intracondylar osteotomy (P < .001). There were no significant differences in mean stiffness (P = .59), yield load (P = .31), or failure load (P = .24) between humeri with stabilized intracondylar osteotomy.

Conclusion

Isolated F2T2 screws have superior mechanical properties to 4.5 mm cortical screws when loaded in 3-point bending. Intracondylar osteotomy adversely affected humeral mechanical integrity. Osteotomized humeri stabilized by either screw had comparable mechanical properties.