Original Article: Clinical
Bovine thoracoscopy: Surgical technique and normal anatomy
Article first published online: 13 DEC 2013
© Copyright 2013 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons
Volume 43, Issue 1, pages 85–90, January 2014
How to Cite
Scharner, D., Dorn, K. and Brehm, W. (2014), Bovine thoracoscopy: Surgical technique and normal anatomy. Veterinary Surgery, 43: 85–90. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-950X.2013.12086.x
- Issue published online: 2 JAN 2014
- Article first published online: 13 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 22 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Received: 2 OCT 2012
To describe a surgical technique for thoracoscopy and report visible anatomy within the thoracic cavity of standing cattle.
Adult clinically healthy Holstein–Friesian cows (n = 15).
Each cow had four thoracoscopic examinations. Initially, the left hemithorax was examined after passive lung collapse, then again 24 hours later after CO2 insufflation. The right hemithorax was examined 24 hours later after passive lung collapse and again 24 hours later after CO2 insufflation.
CO2 insufflation did not significantly improve visibility within the pleural space. Collapsed lung, aorta, esophagus, diaphragm, and azygos vein were readily viewed; however, the pericardial region was not consistently visible. Minor laceration of the lung occurred in 1 cow with adhesions, otherwise there were no intra- or postoperative complications. All cows recovered without signs of discomfort. No local swelling or emphysema occurred at the portals.
Thoracoscopy can be safely performed on healthy standing cattle.