Study was performed at The University of Tennessee (Knoxville, TN) and the Dallas Veterinary Surgical Center (Dallas, TX).
Urethral Prolapse in Dogs: A Retrospective Study
Article first published online: 22 APR 2014
© Copyright 2014 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons
Volume 43, Issue 5, pages 574–580, July 2014
How to Cite
Carr, J. G., Tobias, K. M. and Smith, L. (2014), Urethral Prolapse in Dogs: A Retrospective Study. Veterinary Surgery, 43: 574–580. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-950X.2014.12190.x
- Issue published online: 14 JUL 2014
- Article first published online: 22 APR 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 1 FEB 2013
- Manuscript Received: 1 FEB 2012
To evaluate the signalment, clinical signs, treatment, and outcome of dogs with urethral prolapse and identify risk factors associated with prolapse or treatment.
Retrospective case series.
Dogs (n = 48) with urethral prolapse.
Medical records (May 1995–June 2010) from 2 referral centers were reviewed. Retrieved data included signalment, clinical signs, laboratory findings, treatment, complications, results of long-term follow-up. Records from Veterinary Medical Data Base (VMDB) were evaluated to determine odds ratios.
Odds ratio for urethral prolapse in English bulldogs compared to all breeds was 366.99 (95% CI: 265.83, 506.65). Of 48 affected dogs, 46 had either resection and anastomosis (43 dogs) or urethropexy (3 dogs). The most common early postoperative complication was hemorrhage (39%); postoperative hemorrhage was less common when a simple continuous pattern was used for resection and anastomosis. Prolapse recurred in 57% of dogs available for long-term follow-up; recurrence was less common in dogs that were administered postoperative butorphanol or acepromazine. Gender was not associated with urethral prolapse or postoperative complications.
Urethral prolapse occurs most commonly in English bulldogs. Postoperative hemorrhage and prolapse recurrence may be reduced with use of a simple continuous pattern for urethral anastomosis and by administration of postoperative sedation, respectively. Castration status did not appear to affect prolapse development or outcome.