Laparoscopic Sterilization of Sardinia Donkeys Using an Endoscopic Stapler

Authors

  • Marco Pepe MedVet, PhD,

    1. From the University of Perugia, School of Veterinary Medicine Perugia, Italy
    2. University of Liverpool, School of Veterinary Medicine, Neston, South Wirral, UK.
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  • Rodolfo Gialletti MedVet,

    1. From the University of Perugia, School of Veterinary Medicine Perugia, Italy
    2. University of Liverpool, School of Veterinary Medicine, Neston, South Wirral, UK.
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  • Franco Moriconi MedVet,

    1. From the University of Perugia, School of Veterinary Medicine Perugia, Italy
    2. University of Liverpool, School of Veterinary Medicine, Neston, South Wirral, UK.
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  • Massimo Puccetti MedVet, PhD,

    1. From the University of Perugia, School of Veterinary Medicine Perugia, Italy
    2. University of Liverpool, School of Veterinary Medicine, Neston, South Wirral, UK.
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  • Sara Nannarone MedVet,

    1. From the University of Perugia, School of Veterinary Medicine Perugia, Italy
    2. University of Liverpool, School of Veterinary Medicine, Neston, South Wirral, UK.
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  • Ellen R. Singer DVM, DVSc, Diplomate ACVS, ECVS

    1. From the University of Perugia, School of Veterinary Medicine Perugia, Italy
    2. University of Liverpool, School of Veterinary Medicine, Neston, South Wirral, UK.
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  • Presented at the 12th Annual Scientific Meeting of the European College of Veterinary Surgeons Glasgow, Scotland, July 2003.

Address reprint requests to Marco Pepe, MedVet, Dipartimento di Patologia Diagnostica e Clinica Veterinaria, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, via San Costanzo 4, 06122 Perugia, Italy.

Abstract

Objective— To describe a laparoscopic technique for sterilization of the male donkey using an endoscopic linear stapler (ELS).

Study Design— Clinical report.

Animals— Male Sardinia donkeys (n=6), aged 24–36 months.

Methods— Laparoscopic sterilization was performed under standing sedation or recumbent under general anesthesia. An endoscopic linear stapler was used to transect, and control hemorrhage of, the spermatic cord. Serum testosterone concentrations were measured preoperatively and at 3, 6, and 12 months after sterilization. One testis from each of 2 donkeys was collected at 12 months for histologic examination.

Results— Sterilization was successfully achieved. The only minor intraoperative complication experienced was hemorrhage from 1 spermatic cord stump, which was re-stapled. No other major short- or long-term complications occurred. Serum testosterone concentrations were <15 ng/dL at 3, 6, and 12 months after surgery in all donkeys. Testicular atrophy without evidence of revascularization was observed in the 2 testes examined histologically.

Conclusions— Sterilization of descended testes by intraabdominal laparoscopic transection of the spermatic cord is a simple practical method, with minimal intraoperative or postoperative complications. Testicular revascularization did not occur.

Clinical Relevance— Laparoscopic sterilization in donkey can be performed using an endoscopic linear stapler as an alternative to scrotal castration.

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