Objective: To compare comorbidities, drug use, benefit costs, absences, medication persistence/adherence between employees with fibromyalgia initiating treatment with pregabalin (PGB) vs. antidepressant Standard of Care ([SOC] amitriptyline, duloxetine, or venlafaxine).
Methods: Retrospective study of 240 adults initiating PGB or SOC after 7/1/2007. Multivariate regression models on propensity-score-matched cohorts compared postindex costs, absences, and adherence between cohorts.
Results: Pregabalin users had significantly more preindex muscle pain and dizziness and less depression than SOC (each P < 0.05). Use of some non-PBG/SOC drugs differed. No differences were found in total medical, drug, or absenteeism cost. PGB had more sick leave (9.8 vs. 6.8 days, P = 0.04), but other absence types were similar. All adherence metrics were nonsignificantly greater for PGB vs. SOC.
Conclusion: Despite several comorbidity and drug use differences, most employee benefit outcomes and adherence did not differ between the cohorts.