This work has been supported by the Department of Sociology, Yonsei University Institute of “Social Subsumption and Exclusion,” a Brain Korea 21 program, Korea.
STATE POLICIES AND GENDER EARNINGS INEQUALITY: A Multilevel Analysis of 50 U.S. States Based on U.S. Census 2000 Data
Article first published online: 15 APR 2010
© 2010 Midwest Sociological Society
The Sociological Quarterly
Volume 51, Issue 2, pages 226–254, Spring 2010
How to Cite
Ryu, K. (2010), STATE POLICIES AND GENDER EARNINGS INEQUALITY: A Multilevel Analysis of 50 U.S. States Based on U.S. Census 2000 Data. The Sociological Quarterly, 51: 226–254. doi: 10.1111/j.1533-8525.2010.01170.x
- Issue published online: 15 APR 2010
- Article first published online: 15 APR 2010
This article examines distinct dimensions of state government intervention in labor markets across states in the United States and investigates the effect of these interventions on gender inequality in earnings. Statistical models that take into account the contextual effects of family policies on gender inequality in earnings are constructed. Results from multilevel models show that progressive state institutional environments supportive of norms of equality help female employees catch-up with their male counterparts with regard to rewards, while states that function as welfare providers and employers exacerbate the gender gap in earnings.