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THE RISE OF THE ECLECTIC CULTURAL CONSUMER IN DENMARK, 1964–2004

Authors


Mads Meier Jæger, School of Education, Aarhus University, Tuborgvej 164, Copenhagen NV, DK-2400, Denmark; e-mail: mmj@dpu.dk

Abstract

Existing research on cultural stratification and consumption patterns rarely presents a cross-time comparative perspective and rarely goes back before the 1980s. This article employs a unique series of surveys on cultural participation collected in Denmark over the period 1964–2004 to map the historical development of three distinct cultural consumption groups (eclectic, moderate, limited) also identified in previous research. We report two major findings. First, the eclectic (or “omnivorous”) cultural consumption group existed as far back as the 1960s and has since the 1980s comprised about 10 percent of the Danish population. Second, the major stratification variables—income, education, and social class—are strong predictors of cultural eclecticism in Denmark, and the predictive power of these stratification variables appears not to have declined in any substantive way over the past 40 years.

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