Erratum

Errata

This article corrects:

  1. HOW THE LEGACY OF FRENCH COLONIZATION HAS SHAPED DIVERGENT LEVELS OF ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT IN EAST ASIA: A Time-Series Cross-National Analysis Volume 52, Issue 1, 56–82, Article first published online: 6 January 2011

Kwon, Roy. 2011. “How the Legacy of French Colonization Has Shaped Divergent Levels of Economic Development in East Asia: A Time-Series Cross-National Analysis.”The Sociological Quarterly 52: 56–82.

DOI: 10.1111/j.1533-8525.2010.01194.x

Some amendments have been made to the tables in this article, following publication in The Sociological Quarterly, 52(1). The online version of the article has been corrected.

We regret any inconvenience caused by these errors.

The significance signs were specified incorrectly in the following tables on pages 68, 80, and 82. We reproduce the corrected tables below for reference.

Table 2.  Colonization and Divergent Rates of Economic Growth in East Asia: Unstandardized Coefficients from Regressions of Economic Growth on Select Independent Variables
 123456
  • a

    Results are from autocorrelation adjusted random-effects GLS regressions; dependent variable is GDP per capita in $PPP(log); T-values are in parentheses.

  • b

    The exclusion of trade from model 6 was necessitated by the fact that, first, its inclusion decreased the R2 indicating a high level of collinearity with one or more independent variables and, second, given that trade did not prove relevant for the French colony indicator.

  • *

    p < .10,

  • **

    p < .05,

  • ***

    p < .01,

  • ****

    p < .001.

Manufacturing (percent of GDP).001**.001**.001***.001**.001.001**
(2.20)(2.06)(2.67)(2.01)(1.51)(2.11)
Domestic savings (percent of GDP).001****.001****.001****.001****.001****.001****
(5.16)(5.02)(4.21)(5.04)(5.02)(4.20)
Government spending (percent of GDP).001**.001*.001*.001*.001*.001*
(2.00)(1.91)(1.84)(1.93)(1.80)(1.73)
FDI inward flow (percent of GDP).000.000.000.000.000.000
(.83)(.84)(.43)(.77)(.95)(.54)
Population growth.004**.004**.002.004**.004**.002
(2.06)(2.08)(1.27)(2.00)(2.01)(1.19)
Socialist regime.026.030.019.033.021.011
(1.26)(1.44)(.97)(1.52)(1.03)(.56)
Southeast Asia−.155*−.075−.065−.075−.055−.046
(−1.72)(−.83)(−.73)(−.88)(−.60)(−.51)
GDP per capita in 1970 (log).833****.754****.771****.754****.727****.745****
(9.72)(8.69)(8.96)(9.08)(8.26)(8.52)
Time.016****.016****.016****.016****.014****.014****
(18.25)(18.36)(19.27)(17.32)(12.52)(13.23)
French colonies −.273**−.255**−.271**−.240*−.223*
 (−2.20)(−2.07)(−2.28)(−1.91)(−1.79)
Domestic investment (percent of GDP)  .002****  .002****
  (6.65)  (6.67)
Trade (percent of GDP)b   .000  
   (.51)  
Secondary education enrollment    .001**.001***
    (2.56)(2.62)
Constant−31.715****−31.716****−31.704****−31.400****−27.894****−28.015****
(−17.49)(−17.56)(−18.47)(−16.62)(−11.97)(−12.69)
R2.832.860.866.863.862.868
Rho.983.979.981.976.980.982
Observations374374374374374374
Table APPENDIXA..  Supplementary Regressions of Additional Variablesa
 12345
  • a

    Results are from autocorrelation adjusted random-effects GLS regressions; dependent variable is GDP per capita in $PPP(log); T-values are in parentheses.

  • b

    Noncolonies were excluded from models that include this variable.

  • *

    p < .10,

  • **

    p < .05,

  • ***

    p < .01,

  • ****

    p < .001.

Manufacturing (percent of GDP).001**.001**.001**.000.000
(2.06)(2.20)(2.23)(1.10)(1.03)
Domestic savings (percent of GDP).001****.001****.001****.002****.002****
(5.02)(5.18)(5.15)(5.87)(5.77)
Government spending (percent of GDP).001*.001**.001**−.000−.000
(1.91)(2.01)(2.01)(−.36)(−.57)
FDI inward flow (percent of GDP).000.000.000.000.000
(.84)(.83)(.83)(1.29)(1.31)
Population growth.004**.004**.004**.004*.004*
(2.08)(2.07)(2.04)(1.80)(1.85)
Socialist regime.030.026.027−.057.207
(1.44)(1.26)(1.32)(−.39)(1.60)
Southeast Asia−.075−.155*−.172*−.364***−.163
(−.83)(−1.73)(−1.93)(−2.64)(−1.46)
GDP per capita in 1970 (log).754****.833****.818****.859****.567****
(8.69)(9.71)(9.67)(5.70)(3.76)
Time.016****.016****.016****.011.017****
(18.36)(18.04)(18.25)(2.85)(4.72)
French colonies−.273**   −.573****
(−2.20)   (−3.78)
War −.004  −.000
 (−.52)  (−1.40)
Colonial duration  .000 −.002
  (1.21) (−.61)
Years since independenceb   .003−.007
   (.90)(−.63)
Constant−31.716****−31.598****−31.712****−22.309***−32.792****
(−17.56)(−17.28)(−17.49)(−2.89)(6.860)
R2.860.833.832.876.941
Rho.979.967.967.983.970
Observations374374374277277
Table APPENDIXC..  Supplementary Regressions to Test the Presence of Mediationa
 Domestic investmentTrade opennessSecondary education
  • a

    Results are from autocorrelation adjusted random-effects GLS regressions; T-values are in parentheses.

  • *

    p < .10,

  • **

    p < .05,

  • ***

    p < .01,

  • ****

    p < .001.

French colonies−.273***−25.473−36.622****
(−2.20)(−.48)(−4.49)
Socialist regime8.329***−65.809****6.884****
(−2.86)(−5.19)(3.72)
Southeast Asia−2.21012.148−10.550
(−.86)(.28)(−1.62)
Time.0292.963****1.302****
(.40)(7.16)(17.66)
Constant−28.857−5788.453****−2521.274****
(−.20)(−7.00)(−17.12)
R2.229.142.575
Rho.818.912.952
Observations374374374

We apologize for this error.

Ancillary