An overview of positive pressure ventilation

Authors

  • Elena Vassilev DVM,

    1. From the Pet Emergency and Specialty Center, 5232 Jackson Drive, #105, La Mesa, CA (Vassilev), and the Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX (McMichael).
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  • Maureen McMichael DVM, DACVECC

    1. From the Pet Emergency and Specialty Center, 5232 Jackson Drive, #105, La Mesa, CA (Vassilev), and the Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX (McMichael).
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Address correspondence and reprint requests to:
Dr. Elena Vassilev, Pet Emergency and Specialty Center, 5232 Jackson Drive, #105, La Mesa, CA 91941. E-mail: elenavass@earthlink.net

Abstract

Objective:  The purpose of this article is to give the reader a brief overview of the indications for positive pressure ventilation (PPV).

Data sources:  Current human and veterinary literature.

Summary: There are numerous indications for PPV in veterinary medicine. These include both pulmonary parenchymal disease and diseases that affect ventilation. When choosing PPV, a clinician must have a comprehensive understanding of the different ventilation mode options available and the physiologic effects of ventilation on the patient.

Conclusions: PPV is becoming more widely used in veterinary medicine and is improving the survival of animals with hypoxemic and hypercapnic respiratory failure.

Ancillary