Chong: Research Department, Inter-American Development Bank; Guillen: University ESAN; Rios: University of Wisconsin, Madison. We appreciate comments and suggestions from Juan José Diaz, Virgilio Galdo, Gianmarco Leon, Ugo Panizza, John Dunn Smith, Luisa Zanforlin, and Mario Zanforlin. Correspondence: Research Department, Stop B-0900, Inter-American Development Bank, 1300 New York Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20577, USA. Tel. (202) 623-1536; Fax (202) 623-2481. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Language Nuances and Socioeconomic Outcomes
Article first published online: 22 MAR 2010
© 2010 American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Inc.
American Journal of Economics and Sociology
Volume 69, Issue 2, pages 693–716, April 2010
How to Cite
Chong, A., Guillen, J. and Rios, V. (2010), Language Nuances and Socioeconomic Outcomes. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 69: 693–716. doi: 10.1111/j.1536-7150.2010.00715.x
Alberto Chong pursued graduate studies in economics at both Cornell and Harvard Universities, and holds M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in economics from Cornell. He is currently a Principal Research Economist at the Research Department of the Inter-American Development Bank, based in Washington, DC. Previously he taught at Georgetown University, and worked at the World Bank, the IRIS Center at the University of Maryland at College Park, and the Ministry of Finance of Peru. His research interests cover very broad areas in development economics and related social sciences. He has published extensively in academic journals such as the Review of Economics and Statistics, Journal of Public Economics, Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Journal of International Economics, Journal of Economic Growth, Economics and Politics, and several others. His recent books include topics such as discrimination in Latin America, costs and benefits of privatization, and investor protection in Latin America.
Jorge Guillen got his Ph.D. in economics at West Virginia University, USA. He has a M.Sc. in quantitative economics from the Universidad de Alicante, Spain and the Bachelor degree in economics at the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú. Dr. Guillen has advanced studies in forecasting from the BBVA Bank in Spain. His area of interest covers bank regulation, applied microeconomics, finance, and quantitative methods. Dr. Guillén has experience consulting in private and public companies. In the public sector, he built up the first macroeconomic model of forecasting for the Peruvian economy and in the public sector he was responsible for the quantitative analysis of the BBVA bank in Lima. He has a series of publications in different journals from Chile, Spain, and the United States, and co-authored a book about the subprime crisis and its consequences in the Peruvian economy. He also was a Visiting Professor at Portland State University. Actually, Dr. Guillén is Senior Researcher and Professor at Centrum-Catolica, School of Business of the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú. He is also director of publishing at this center.
Vanessa Rios is currently a Ph.D. student in applied economics at the University of Wisconsin at Madison. Her main interests are related to social issues related with development economics. Previously, she worked at the Inter-American Development Bank as an assistant researcher, as well as in GRADE, in Lima, She received a B.A. in social sciences from Catholic University in Lima. Her record of publication includes such journals as Public Choice and Applied Economics Letters.
- Issue published online: 22 MAR 2010
- Article first published online: 22 MAR 2010
While language enables communication, it also provides a reassuring quality more closely related with issues linked with trust, social capital, and cultural identification. Research on the role of language as a learning process is widespread but there is little evidence on its role as a signal for cultural affinity. We pursue this latter avenue of research and show that subtle language affinity is positively linked with change in socioeconomic outcome variables when using English-speaking data for cities in the Golden Horseshoe area in Southern Ontario during the period 1991 to 2001.