Abigail Wozniak is at University of Notre Dame, IZA, and NBER. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Field Perspectives on the Causes of Low Employment Among Less Skilled Black Men
Article first published online: 11 JUL 2011
© 2011 American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Inc.
American Journal of Economics and Sociology
Volume 70, Issue 3, pages 811–844, July 2011
How to Cite
WOZNIAK, A. (2011), Field Perspectives on the Causes of Low Employment Among Less Skilled Black Men. American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 70: 811–844. doi: 10.1111/j.1536-7150.2011.00791.x
Acknowledgments: I am most grateful to the survey participants who shared their thoughts and experiences and to local social service providers who assisted with sample recruitment. I thank John Borkowski and the team at the Notre Dame Center for Children and Families for helpful comments and access to survey space. I also benefited from lengthy discussions with Kasey Buckles, Jay Caponigro, Bill Carbonaro, and James Sullivan. I also thank my very capable research assistants, Shawn Moulton, Jennifer Heissel, and James Kyle O'Donnell. This research was funded in part by the Seng Foundation Endowment for Market-Based Programs and Catholic Values and the Institute for Scholarship in the Liberal Arts at the University of Notre Dame. Errors are my own.
- Issue published online: 11 JUL 2011
- Article first published online: 11 JUL 2011
This article presents findings from a unique survey that assessed explanations for low black male employment by questioning participants in a low skill labor market. Black men identified barriers to hiring—including felony convictions, drug testing, low skill levels, and bias—as major reasons for their non-employment. Employers believed black male applicants were less likely to have the desired interpersonal skills and work ethic, and that they were less likely to pass pre-employment drug tests.