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Blood transfusions: good or bad?

Confounding by indication, an underestimated problem in clinical transfusion research

Authors

  • Rutger A. Middelburg,

    1. From the Department of Clinical Epidemiology and the Department of Immunohematology and Blood Bank, Leiden University Medical Center; and the Department of Research and Training, Sanquin Blood Bank South West Region, Leiden, The Netherlands.
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  • Leo M.G. Van De Watering,

    1. From the Department of Clinical Epidemiology and the Department of Immunohematology and Blood Bank, Leiden University Medical Center; and the Department of Research and Training, Sanquin Blood Bank South West Region, Leiden, The Netherlands.
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  • Johanna G. Van Der Bom

    1. From the Department of Clinical Epidemiology and the Department of Immunohematology and Blood Bank, Leiden University Medical Center; and the Department of Research and Training, Sanquin Blood Bank South West Region, Leiden, The Netherlands.
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Johanna G. van der Bom, Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC), Clinical Epidemiology, Postzone C7-P, PO Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands; e-mail: j.g.vanderbom@lumc.nl.

No abstract is available for this article.

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