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Who donates blood at five ethnically and geographically diverse blood centers in China in 2008

Authors

  • Jingxing Wang,

    1. From the Institute of Blood Transfusion, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; the Mianyang Blood Center, Mianyang, China; the Guangxi Blood Center, Guangxi, China; the Urumqi City Blood Center, Urumqi City, China; the Yunnan Kunming Blood Center, Kunming, Yunnan, China; the Luoyang Blood Center, Luoyang, China; Westat, Inc., Rockville, Maryland; and the Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland.
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  • Nan Guo,

    1. From the Institute of Blood Transfusion, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; the Mianyang Blood Center, Mianyang, China; the Guangxi Blood Center, Guangxi, China; the Urumqi City Blood Center, Urumqi City, China; the Yunnan Kunming Blood Center, Kunming, Yunnan, China; the Luoyang Blood Center, Luoyang, China; Westat, Inc., Rockville, Maryland; and the Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland.
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  • Xiaoming Guo,

    1. From the Institute of Blood Transfusion, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; the Mianyang Blood Center, Mianyang, China; the Guangxi Blood Center, Guangxi, China; the Urumqi City Blood Center, Urumqi City, China; the Yunnan Kunming Blood Center, Kunming, Yunnan, China; the Luoyang Blood Center, Luoyang, China; Westat, Inc., Rockville, Maryland; and the Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland.
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  • Julin Li,

    1. From the Institute of Blood Transfusion, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; the Mianyang Blood Center, Mianyang, China; the Guangxi Blood Center, Guangxi, China; the Urumqi City Blood Center, Urumqi City, China; the Yunnan Kunming Blood Center, Kunming, Yunnan, China; the Luoyang Blood Center, Luoyang, China; Westat, Inc., Rockville, Maryland; and the Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland.
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  • Guo-Xing Wen,

    1. From the Institute of Blood Transfusion, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; the Mianyang Blood Center, Mianyang, China; the Guangxi Blood Center, Guangxi, China; the Urumqi City Blood Center, Urumqi City, China; the Yunnan Kunming Blood Center, Kunming, Yunnan, China; the Luoyang Blood Center, Luoyang, China; Westat, Inc., Rockville, Maryland; and the Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland.
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  • Tonghan Yang,

    1. From the Institute of Blood Transfusion, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; the Mianyang Blood Center, Mianyang, China; the Guangxi Blood Center, Guangxi, China; the Urumqi City Blood Center, Urumqi City, China; the Yunnan Kunming Blood Center, Kunming, Yunnan, China; the Luoyang Blood Center, Luoyang, China; Westat, Inc., Rockville, Maryland; and the Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland.
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  • Zhongqiao Yun,

    1. From the Institute of Blood Transfusion, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; the Mianyang Blood Center, Mianyang, China; the Guangxi Blood Center, Guangxi, China; the Urumqi City Blood Center, Urumqi City, China; the Yunnan Kunming Blood Center, Kunming, Yunnan, China; the Luoyang Blood Center, Luoyang, China; Westat, Inc., Rockville, Maryland; and the Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland.
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  • Yi Huang,

    1. From the Institute of Blood Transfusion, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; the Mianyang Blood Center, Mianyang, China; the Guangxi Blood Center, Guangxi, China; the Urumqi City Blood Center, Urumqi City, China; the Yunnan Kunming Blood Center, Kunming, Yunnan, China; the Luoyang Blood Center, Luoyang, China; Westat, Inc., Rockville, Maryland; and the Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland.
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  • George B. Schreiber,

    1. From the Institute of Blood Transfusion, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; the Mianyang Blood Center, Mianyang, China; the Guangxi Blood Center, Guangxi, China; the Urumqi City Blood Center, Urumqi City, China; the Yunnan Kunming Blood Center, Kunming, Yunnan, China; the Luoyang Blood Center, Luoyang, China; Westat, Inc., Rockville, Maryland; and the Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland.
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  • Katherine Kavounis,

    1. From the Institute of Blood Transfusion, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; the Mianyang Blood Center, Mianyang, China; the Guangxi Blood Center, Guangxi, China; the Urumqi City Blood Center, Urumqi City, China; the Yunnan Kunming Blood Center, Kunming, Yunnan, China; the Luoyang Blood Center, Luoyang, China; Westat, Inc., Rockville, Maryland; and the Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland.
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  • Paul Ness,

    1. From the Institute of Blood Transfusion, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; the Mianyang Blood Center, Mianyang, China; the Guangxi Blood Center, Guangxi, China; the Urumqi City Blood Center, Urumqi City, China; the Yunnan Kunming Blood Center, Kunming, Yunnan, China; the Luoyang Blood Center, Luoyang, China; Westat, Inc., Rockville, Maryland; and the Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland.
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  • Hua Shan

    1. From the Institute of Blood Transfusion, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China; the Mianyang Blood Center, Mianyang, China; the Guangxi Blood Center, Guangxi, China; the Urumqi City Blood Center, Urumqi City, China; the Yunnan Kunming Blood Center, Kunming, Yunnan, China; the Luoyang Blood Center, Luoyang, China; Westat, Inc., Rockville, Maryland; and the Department of Epidemiology, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University and Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland.
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  • This work was supported by NHLBI.

Nan Guo, Box 212, 615 N. Wolfe Street, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21205; e-mail: nguo@jhsph.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In China recruitment and retention of sufficient numbers of safe blood donors continues to be a challenge. Understanding who donates blood, particularly those who donate larger (>200 mL) whole blood (WB) units, will help blood centers to target more effective recruitment and retention strategies.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Demographic characteristics of 226,489 allogeneic WB donors from January to December 2008 at five geographically and ethnically diverse, urban blood centers were analyzed.

RESULTS: The typical Chinese WB donor can be characterized as first-time volunteer (67.9%), male (56.9%), less than 45 years old (93.8%), and Han ethnicity (86.1%). Most donors had some college or below educational level (77.5%), donated at a mobile collection site (97.6%), and donated 300- or 400-mL units (76.0%). Differences in WB volume donations and donor demographics exist among the five centers.

CONCLUSION: In China compared to the United States, donations are made by younger donors and donors give infrequently and make smaller WB donations. To help ensure supply adequacy, continued efforts are needed to have donors give larger volumes of WB in China.

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