Supported by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) K24-HL-075036-07.
Poor procedures and quality control among nonaffiliated blood centers in Burkina Faso: an argument for expanding the reach of the national blood transfusion center
Article first published online: 7 JUL 2011
© 2011 American Association of Blood Banks
Special Issue: Journal of Blood Services Management
Volume 51, Issue 7pt2, pages 1613–1618, July 2011
How to Cite
Nébié, K., Ouattara, S., Sanou, M., Kientega, Y., Dahourou, H., Ky, L., Kienou, K., Diallo, S., Bigirimana, F., Fretz, C., Murphy, E. L. and Lefrère, J.-J. (2011), Poor procedures and quality control among nonaffiliated blood centers in Burkina Faso: an argument for expanding the reach of the national blood transfusion center. Transfusion, 51: 1613–1618. doi: 10.1111/j.1537-2995.2011.03222.x
- Issue published online: 7 JUL 2011
- Article first published online: 7 JUL 2011
- Received for publication February 17, 2011; accepted April 6, 2011.
INTRODUCTION: The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends the creation of national blood transfusion services. Burkina Faso has a CNTS (Centre National de Transfusion Sanguine—National Blood Transfusion Center) but it currently covers only 53% of the national blood supply versus 47% produced by independent hospital blood banks.
STUDY DESIGN: To evaluate blood collection, testing, preparation, and prescription practices in the regions of Burkina Faso that are not covered by the CNTS, a cross-sectional survey was conducted.
METHODS: Data were collected by trained professionals from May to June 2009 at 42 autonomous blood centers not covered by the CNTS.
RESULTS: Blood collection was supervised in all sites by laboratory technicians without specific training. There was no marketing of community blood donation nor mobile collection. Donation was restricted to replacement (family) donors in 21.4% of sites. Predonation screening of donors was performed in 63.4% of sites, but some did not use written questionnaires. Testing for HIV, hepatitis B virus, and syphilis was universal, although some sites did not screen for hepatitis C virus. In 83.3% of the sites, blood typing was performed without reverse ABO typing. In 97.6% of the sites, nurses acted alone or in conjunction with a physician to order blood transfusions.
CONCLUSION: Shortcomings in non-CNTS blood centers argue for the development of a truly national CNTS. Such a national center should coordinate and supervise all blood transfusion activities, and is the essential first step for improving and institutionalizing blood transfusion safety and efficacy in a developing country.