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BACKGROUND: In the setting of bacterial detection of apheresis platelets (PLTs), the manufacturer recommended PLT inoculation volume for BacT/ALERT culture bottles (bioMérieux) ranges from 4 to 10 mL. This study compares the rate of capture of true-positive (TP) contaminations between aerobic culture bottles inoculated with either 4 or 8 mL of sample and assesses if a larger sample volume reduces time to detection.

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Detection of TP samples and mean time to detection were compared for 4- and 8-mL samples collected between September 1, 2003, and May 2, 2011.

RESULTS: A total of 180,263 and 283,114 PLT collections were tested with an 8- and 4-mL sample, respectively. Analysis of TP rates by volume sampled show an increase in the rate of detection of TP with the 8-mL sample relative to the 4-mL sample (139 vs. 106 per million events; odds ratio, 1.31; 95% confidence interval, 0.77-2.23). Comparison of mean time to detection for TP shows a decrease in mean time to detection using 8 mL compared with 4 mL (12.36 ± 3.7 hr to 15.97 ± 6.3 hr, p = 0.012).

CONCLUSION: Doubling the sample volume to 8 mL showed a trend in improvement for the rate of detection of TP and shortened the mean time of detection for TP by 23% when compared to a sample volume of 4 mL. The decrease in mean time to detection using a larger sample volume suggests that a shorter release time after inoculation could be achieved without significantly increasing patient risk.