Susan Hanson is professor of geography at Clark University, where Tara Kominiak is a graduate student. Scott Carlin is assistant professor of environmental studies at Southhampton College-Long Island University.
Assessing the Impact of Location on Women's Labor Market Outcomes: A Methodological Exploration
Article first published online: 3 SEP 2010
1997 The Ohio State University
Volume 29, Issue 4, pages 281–297, October 1997
How to Cite
Hanson, S., Kominiak, T. and Carlin, S. (1997), Assessing the Impact of Location on Women's Labor Market Outcomes: A Methodological Exploration. Geographical Analysis, 29: 281–297. doi: 10.1111/j.1538-4632.1997.tb00965.x
- Issue published online: 3 SEP 2010
- Article first published online: 3 SEP 2010
Location and the nature of locally available employment opportunities is believed to shape labor force participation, job type, and wages. Analysts investigating this issue have encountered problems in operationalizing the concept of “locally available employment opportunities.” We first review the grounds for expecting a relationship between local context and employment outcomes for women and then critically assess the methods and measures that analysts have used to explore the relationship. Finally, we describe a new approach for measuring local employment context that consists of a fine-scaled measure individually tailored for each woman in the sample. Using discriminant analysis we ask whether the spatial variables measuring local employment context are important determinants of women's employment in female-dominated occupations. The results suggest that for most groups of women (defined by city or suburban residence and by sociodemographics) the spatial variables are not important. For well-educated, part-time employed women with young children, however, living in an area rich in female-dominated job opportunities increases the likelihood of having a job in a gender-typical occupation; for these women, the local employment context does affect labor market outcomes.