• 1
    Jick H, Slone D, Westerholm B, Inman WH, Vessey MP, Shapiro S, Lewis GP, Worcester J. Venous thromboembolic disease and ABO blood type. A cooperative study. Lancet 1969; 1: 53942.
  • 2
    Robinson WM, Roisenberg I. Venous thromboembolism and ABO blood groups in a Brazilian population. Hum Genet 1980; 55: 129131.
  • 3
    Wautrecht JC, Galle C, Motte S, Dereume JP, Dramaix M. The role of ABO blood groups in the incidence of deep vein thrombosis. Thromb Haemost 1998; 79: 6889.
  • 4
    Larsen TB, Johnsen SP, Gislum M, Moller CA, Larsen H, Sorensen HT. ABO blood groups and risk of venous thromboembolism during pregnancy and the puerperium. A population-based, nested case–control study. J Thromb Haemost 2005; 3: 3004.
  • 5
    Tirado I, Mateo J, Soria JM, Oliver A, Martinez-Sanchez E, Vallve C, Borrell M, Urrutia T, Fontcuberta J. The ABO blood group genotype and factor VIII levels as independent risk factors for venous thromboembolism. Thromb Haemost 2005; 93: 46874.
  • 6
    Orstavik KH, Magnus P, Reisner H, Berg K, Graham JB, Nance W. Factor VIII and factor IX in a twin population. Evidence for a major effect of ABO locus on factor VIII level. Am J Hum Genet 1985; 37: 89101.
  • 7
    Gill JC, Endres-Brooks J, Bauer PJ, Marks WJ Jr, Montgomery RR. The effect of ABO blood group on the diagnosis of von Willebrand disease. Blood 1987; 69: 16915.
  • 8
    Souto JC, Almasy L, Muniz-Diaz E, Soria JM, Borrell M, Bayen L, Mateo J, Madoz P, Stone W, Blangero J, Fontcuberta J. Functional effects of the ABO locus polymorphism on plasma levels of von Willebrand factor, factor VIII, and activated partial thromboplastin time. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 2000; 20: 248.
  • 9
    Tsai AW, Cushman M, Rosamond WD, Heckbert SR, Tracy RP, Aleksic N, Folsom AR. Coagulation factors, inflammation markers, and venous thromboembolism: the longitudinal investigation of thromboembolism etiology (LITE). Am J Med 2002; 113: 63642.
  • 10
    Koster T, Blann AD, Briet E, Vandenbroucke JP, Rosendaal FR. Role of clotting factor VIII in effect of von Willebrand factor on occurrence of deep-vein thrombosis. Lancet 1995; 345: 1525.
  • 11
    Schleef M, Strobel E, Dick A, Frank J, Schramm W, Spannagl M. Relationship between ABO and Secretor genotype with plasma levels of factor VIII and von Willebrand factor in thrombosis patients and control individuals. Br J Haematol 2005; 128: 1007.
  • 12
    White RH, Zhou H, Murin S, Harvey D. Effect of ethnicity and gender on the incidence of venous thromboembolism in a diverse population in California in 1996. Thromb Haemost 2005; 93: 298305.
  • 13
    Heit JA. Venous thromboembolism: disease burden, outcomes and risk factors. J Thromb Haemost 2005; 3: 16117.
  • 14
    Garratty G, Glynn SA, McEntire R. ABO and Rh(D) phenotype frequencies of different racial/ethnic groups in the United States. Transfusion 2004; 44: 7036.
  • 15
    Foote JA, Murphy SP, Wilkens LR, Hankin JH, Henderson BE, Kolonel LN. Factors associated with dietary supplement use among healthy adults of five ethnicities: the Multiethnic Cohort Study. Am J Epidemiol 2003; 157: 88897.
  • 16
    McBean AM, Li S, Gilbertson DT, Collins AJ. Differences in diabetes prevalence, incidence, and mortality among the elderly of four racial/ethnic groups: whites, blacks, Hispanics, and Asians. Diabetes Care 2004; 27: 231724.
  • 17
    Folsom AR, Wu KK, Conlan MG, Finch A, Davis CE, Marcucci G, Sorlie PD, Szklo M. Distributions of hemostatic variables in blacks and whites: population reference values from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study. Ethn Dis 1992; 2: 3546.
  • 18
    Folsom AR, Cushman M, Tsai MY, Aleksic N, Heckbert SR, Boland LL, Tsai AW, Yanez ND, Rosamond WD. A prospective study of venous thromboembolism in relation to factor V Leiden and related factors. Blood 2002; 99: 27205.
  • 19
    Folsom AR, Cushman M, Tsai MY, Heckbert SR, Aleksic N. Prospective study of the G20210A polymorphism in the prothrombin gene, plasma prothrombin concentration, and incidence of venous thromboembolism. Am J Hematol 2002; 71: 28590.
  • 20
    Tsai AW, Cushman M, Rosamond WD, Heckbert SR, Polak JF, Folsom AR. Cardiovascular risk factors and venous thromboembolism incidence: the longitudinal investigation of thromboembolism etiology. Arch Intern Med 2002; 162: 11829.
  • 21
    Cushman M, Tsai AW, White RH, Heckbert SR, Rosamond WD, Enright P, Folsom AR. Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism in two cohorts: the longitudinal investigation of thromboembolism etiology. Am J Med 2004; 117: 1925.
  • 22
    Folsom AR, Wu KK, Rosamond WD, Sharrett AR, Chambless LE. Prospective study of hemostatic factors and incidence of coronary heart disease: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study. Circulation 1997; 96: 11028.
  • 23
    Cushman M, Cornell ES, Howard PR, Bovill EG, Tracy RP. Laboratory methods and quality assurance in the Cardiovascular Health Study. Clin Chem 1995; 41: 26470.
  • 24
    De Ronde H, Bertina RM. Laboratory diagnosis of APC-resistance: a critical evaluation of the test and the development of diagnostic criteria. Thromb Haemost 1994; 72: 8806.
  • 25
    Poort SR, Rosendaal FR, Reitsma PH, Bertina RM. A common genetic variation in the 3′-untranslated region of the prothrombin gene is associated with elevated plasma prothrombin levels and an increase in venous thrombosis. Blood 1996; 88: 3698703.
  • 26
    Wilcosky TC, Chambless LE. A comparison of direct adjustment and regression adjustment of epidemiologic measures. J Chronic Dis 1985; 38: 84956.
  • 27
    Schwartz SW, Carlucci C, Chambless LE, Rosamond WD. Synergism between smoking and vital exhaustion in the risk of ischemic stroke: evidence from the ARIC study. Ann Epidemiol 2004; 14: 41624.
  • 28
    Assmann SF, Hosmer DW, Lemeshow S, Mundt KA. Confidence intervals for measures of interaction. Epidemiology 1996; 7: 28690.
  • 29
    Nossent AY, Van Marion V, Van Tilburg NH, Rosendaal FR, Bertina RM, Van Mourik JA, Eikenboom CJ. Von Willebrand factor and its propeptide: the influence of secretion and clearance on protein levels and the risk of venous thrombosis. J Thromb Haemost 2006; 4: 255662.
  • 30
    Ridker PM, Hennekens CH, Lindpaintner K, Stampfer MJ, Eisenberg PR, Miletich JP. Mutation in the gene coding for coagulation factor V and the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, and venous thrombosis in apparently healthy men. N Engl J Med 1995; 332: 9127.
  • 31
    Rosendaal FR, Doggen CJ, Zivelin A, Arruda VR, Aiach M, Siscovick DS, Hillarp A, Watzke HH, Bernardi F, Cumming AM, Preston FE, Reitsma PH. Geographic distribution of the 20210 G to A prothrombin variant. Thromb Haemost 1998; 79: 7068.
  • 32
    Gonzalez Ordonez AJ, Medina Rodriguez JM, Martin L, Alvarez V, Coto E. The O blood group protects against venous thromboembolism in individuals with the factor V Leiden but not the prothrombin (factor II G20210A) mutation. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis 1999; 10: 3037.
  • 33
    Morelli VM, De Visser MC, Vos HL, Bertina RM, Rosendaal FR. ABO blood group genotypes and the risk of venous thrombosis: effect of factor V Leiden. J Thromb Haemost 2005; 3: 1835.