Summary. Heterodimeric receptors of the β1 and β3 integrin families mediate platelet adhesion and aggregation in hemostasis and thrombosis. In resting platelets, integrins are expressed in a low-affinity state but they shift to a high-affinity state and efficiently bind their ligands in response to cellular activation. This review summarizes recent advances in understanding the functional regulation and (patho-) physiological significance of individual platelet integrins with a special focus on studies in genetically modified mice. It is now recognized that β1 and β3 integrins have partially redundant roles in the adhesion process and that their activation is regulated by similar mechanisms, involving Ca2+-dependent and -independent signaling events and essential functions of talin-1 and kindlin-3 in the terminal activation step.