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Keywords:

  • clopidogrel;
  • elinogrel;
  • P2Y12 receptor;
  • platelet inhibitor

Summary.  To study the effect of a new direct acting reversible P2Y12 inhibitor, elinogrel (PRT060128), and the relation to cytochrome P450 (CYP) polymorphisms in patients with high platelet reactivity (HPR) on standard dual antiplatelet therapy. Methods and Results: We studied the pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic effects of a single 60-mg oral dose of elinogrel in 20 of 45 previously stented stable patients with HPR. We also genotyped for CYP2C19*2,3,5,17 and CYP3A5*3. Platelet reactivity fell within 4 h of dosing, the earliest time point evaluated as measured by the following assays: maximum 5 and 10 μm ADP LTA (P < 0.001 for both vs. predosing); maximum 20 μm ADP LTA (P < 0.05); VerifyNow (P < 0.001); thrombelastography (P < 0.05); VASP phosphorylation (P < 0.01); and perfusion chamber assay (P < 0.05); this was reversible within 24 h in these same assays (P = ns vs. predosing for all assays). CYP2C19*2 was present in 44% of all patients but was more frequent in HPR patients (77% vs. 16%, P = 0.0004). Conclusions: HPR is reversibly overcome by a single 60-mg oral dose of elinogrel, a drug now being investigated in a phase 2 trial. CYP2C19*2 was associated with HPR during conventional dual antiplatelet therapy.