In non-severe hemophilia A the risk of inhibitor after intensive factor treatment is greater in older patients: a case–control study

Authors


Christine L. Kempton, 2015 Uppergate Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.
Tel.: +1 404 7272846; fax: +1 404 7273681.
E-mail: christine.kempton@emory.edu

Abstract

Summary. Background: Twenty-five percent of new anti-factor VIII (FVIII) antibodies (inhibitors) that complicate hemophilia A occur in those with mild and moderate disease. Although intensive FVIII treatment has long been considered a risk factor for inhibitor development in those with non-severe disease, its strength of association and the influence of other factors have remained undefined. Objective: To evaluate risk factors for inhibitor development in patients with non-severe hemophilia A. Methods: Information on clinical and demographic variables and FVIII genotype was collected on 36 subjects with mild or moderate hemophilia A and an inhibitor and 62 controls also with mild or moderate hemophilia A but without an inhibitor. Results: Treatment with FVIII for six or more consecutive days during the prior year was more strongly associated with inhibitor development in those ≥ 30 years of age compared with those < 30 years of age [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 12.62; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.76–57.81 vs. OR 2.54; 95% CI, 0.61–10.68]. Having previously received < 50 days of FVIII was also not statistically associated with inhibitor development on univariate or multivariate analysis. Conclusions: These findings suggest that inhibitor development in mild and moderate hemophilia A varies with age, but does not vary significantly with lifetime FVIII exposure days: two features distinct from severe hemophilia A.

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