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Keywords:

  • ADAMTS13;
  • anti-ADAMTS13 inhibitors;
  • thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura

Summary.  Background: Severe deficiency of the von Willebrand factor (VWF)-cleaving protease ADAMTS13 as observed in acquired thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is caused by inhibitory and non-inhibitory autoantibodies directed against the protease. Current treatment with plasma exchange is considered to remove circulating antibodies and to concurrently replenish the deficient enzyme. Objectives: To explore the use of recombinant ADAMTS13 (rADAMTS13) as a potential therapeutic agent in acquired TTP, we investigated its efficacy in normalizing VWF-cleaving activity in the presence of ADAMTS13 inhibitors. Methods: Thirty-six plasma samples from TTP patients were adjusted to predefined inhibitor titers, and recovery of ADAMTS13 activity was analyzed following supplementation with rADAMTS13. Results: We showed a linear relation between the inhibitor titer measured and effective rADAMTS13 concentration necessary for reconstitution of VWF-cleaving activity in the presence of neutralizing autoantibodies. Conclusions: Our results support the further investigation of the potential therapeutic applicability of rADAMTS13 as an adjunctive therapy in acquired TTP.