• 1
    Collen JF, Jackson JL, Shorr AF, Moores LK. Prevention of venous thromboembolism in neurosurgery: a metaanalysis. Chest 2008; 134: 23749.
  • 2
    Marras LC, Geerts WH, Perry JR. The risk of venous thromboembolism is increased throughout the course of malignant glioma: an evidence-based review. Cancer 2000; 89: 6406.
  • 3
    Semrad TJ, O’Donnell R, Wun T, Chew H, Harvey D, Zhou H, White RH. Epidemiology of venous thromboembolism in 9489 patients with malignant glioma. J Neurosurg 2007; 106: 6018.
  • 4
    Stephens PH, Healy MT, Smith M, Jewkes DA. Prophylaxis against thromboembolism in neurosurgical patients: a survey of current practice in the United Kingdom. Br J Neurosurg 1995; 9: 15963.
  • 5
    Raabe A, Gerlach R, Zimmermann M, Seifert V. Practice of perioperative thromboembolic prophylaxis in neurosurgery: results of a German survey. Zentralbl Neurochir 2000; 61: 10310.
  • 6
    Gnanalingham KK, Holland JP. Attitudes to the use of prophylaxis for thrombo-embolism in neurosurgical patients. J Clin Neurosci 2003; 10: 4679.
  • 7
    Carman TL, Kanner AA, Barnett GH, Deitcher SR. Prevention of thromboembolism after neurosurgery for brain and spinal tumors. South Med J 2003; 96: 1722.
  • 8
    Bynke O, Hillman J, Lassvik C. Does peroperative external pneumatic leg muscle compression prevent post-operative venous thrombosis in neurosurgery? Acta Neurochir (Wien) 1987; 88: 468.
  • 9
    Skillman JJ, Collins RE, Coe NP, Goldstein BS, Shapiro RM, Zervas NT, Bettmann MA, Salzman EW. Prevention of deep vein thrombosis in neurosurgical patients: a controlled, randomized trial of external pneumatic compression boots. Surgery 1978; 83: 3548.
  • 10
    Turpie AG, Delmore T, Hirsh J, Hull R, Genton E, Hiscoe C, Gent M. Prevention of venous thrombosis by intermittent sequential calf compression in patients with intracranial disease. Thromb Res 1979; 15: 61116.
  • 11
    Brady D, Raingruber B, Peterson J, Varnau W, Denman J, Resuello R, De Contreaus R, Mahnke J. The use of knee-length versus thigh-length compression stockings and sequential compression devices. Crit Care Nurs Q 2007; 30: 25562.
  • 12
    Williams AM, Davies PR, Sweetnam DI, Harper G, Pusey R, Lightowler CD. Knee-length versus thigh-length graduated compression stockings in the prevention of deep vein thrombosis. Br J Surg 1996; 83: 1553.
  • 13
    Comerota AJ, Katz ML, White JV. Why does prophylaxis with external pneumatic compression for deep vein thrombosis fail? Am J Surg 1992; 164: 2658.
  • 14
    Cornwell EE 3rd, Chang D, Velmahos G, Jindal A, Baker D, Phillips J, Bonar J, Campbell K. Compliance with sequential compression device prophylaxis in at-risk trauma patients: a prospective analysis. Am Surg 2002; 68: 4703.
  • 15
    Chan JC, Roche SJ, Lenehan B, O’Sullivan M, Kaar K. Compliance and satisfaction with foot compression devices: an orthopaedic perspective. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg 2007; 127: 56771.
  • 16
    Macatangay C, Todd SR, Tyroch AH. Thromboembolic prophylaxis with intermittent pneumatic compression devices in trauma patients: a false sense of security? J Trauma Nurs 2008; 15: 1215.
  • 17
    Pagella P, Cipolle M, Sacco E, Matula P, Karoly E, Bokovoy J. A randomized trial to evaluate compliance in terms of patient comfort and satisfaction of two pneumatic compression devices. Orthop Nurs 2007; 26: 16974.
  • 18
    O’Donnell MJ, Ginsberg J, Saringer J, Kearon C, Magier D, Kolich M, Julian J, Hirsh J. Effects of a novel venous return assist device (Venowave) on lower limb venous flow in patients with post-thrombotic syndrome. Blood 2002; 100: 3950.
  • 19
    O’Donnell MJ, McRae S, Kahn SR, Julian JA, Kearon C, Mackinnon B, Magier D, Strulovich C, Lyons T, Robinson S, Hirsh J, Ginsberg JS. Evaluation of a venous-return assist device to treat severe post-thrombotic syndrome (VENOPTS). A randomized controlled trial. Thromb Haemost 2008; 99: 6239.
  • 20
    Agnelli G, Piovella F, Buoncristiani P, Severi P, Pini M, D’Angelo A, Beltrametti C, Damiani M, Andrioli GC, Pugliese R, Iorio A, Brambilla G. Enoxaparin plus compression stockings compared with compression stockings alone in the prevention of venous thromboembolism after elective neurosurgery. N Engl J Med 1998; 339: 805.
  • 21
    Cerrato D, Ariano C, Fiacchino F. Deep vein thrombosis and low-dose heparin prophylaxis in neurosurgical patients. J Neurosurg 1978; 49: 37881.
  • 22
    Iorio A, Agnelli G. Low-molecular-weight and unfractionated heparin for prevention of venous thromboembolism in neurosurgery: a meta-analysis. Arch Intern Med 2000; 160: 232732.
  • 23
    Sabri S, Roberts VC, Cotton LT. Effects of externally applied pressure on the haemodynamics of the lower limb. Br Med J 1971; 3: 5038.
  • 24
    Brozovic M. Mechanisms of deep vein thrombosis: a review. J R Soc Med 1979; 72: 6025.