Hazard Reduction & Recovery Center, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA.
Households' Perceived Personal Risk and Responses in a Multihazard Environment
Article first published online: 16 APR 2008
©2008 Society for Risk Analysis
Volume 28, Issue 2, pages 539–556, April 2008
How to Cite
Lindell, M. K. and Hwang, S. N. (2008), Households' Perceived Personal Risk and Responses in a Multihazard Environment. Risk Analysis, 28: 539–556. doi: 10.1111/j.1539-6924.2008.01032.x
- Issue published online: 16 APR 2008
- Article first published online: 16 APR 2008
- hazard adjustment;
- risk perception;
- toxic chemicals
This study proposed and tested a multistage model of household response to three hazards—flood, hurricane, and toxic chemical release—in Harris County Texas. The model, which extends Lindell and Perry's (1992, 2004) Protective Action Decision Model, proposed a basic causal chain from hazard proximity through hazard experience and perceived personal risk to expectations of continued residence in the home and adoption of household hazard adjustments. Data from 321 households generally supported the model, but the mediating effects of hazard experience and perceived personal risk were partial rather than complete. In addition, the data suggested that four demographic variables—gender, age, income, and ethnicity—affect the basic causal chain at different points.