Three variations of Milgram's experimental test of obedience behavior were carried out in Munich, West Germany. Milgram's base-line condition, a model variation, and also a third variation which removed experimenter compliance pressures were performed. Large differences were observed under the three experimental conditions: 85% of the base-line, 52% of the modeling, and 7% of the “non-pressured” subjects administered all 30 shocks to their immobilized victims. Nearly all subjects were completely convinced of the genuineness of the experiment. These and Milgram's published results with American subjects are compared and an attempt is made to put the findings into an empirically justified perspective.