Older Asian Americans share a great deal with their fellow Asian Americans and with their fellow elderly, but the juxtaposition of all elements produces a personal history and present milieu that is shared neither with younger persons of similar national origins nor with age cohorts of various national origins. Understanding these individuals requires knowledge of their cultural origins and effects of early socialization, their life history in the United States, those age-related changes that occur regardless of early learning or ethnicity, and their expectations as to what it means to be old. Many values to which first-generation Asian Americans were effectively socialized are highly counterproductive for maintaining adequate life satisfaction during the later years.